The renaissance period begins in roughly in the 14th century to 16th century. It marked the rebirth of humanism and the revival of cultural achievements. Renaissance period is divided by two, that is early renaissance and late renaissance.
The early renaissance occurs between 14th century and 15th century. Humanism was revived at this time. Humanism is a concept of human individuality. It is to expand knowledge and explore human potential. They always desire to excel. They study grammar , poetry, history and oral philosophy based on the Greek and Roman culture. Humanism gave people self belief and civic responsibility. There are three kinds of perspective namely perspective, linear perspective, and atmospheric perspective. The art of perspective was credited to Fillippo Brunelleschi.
Late renaissance or also known as high renaissance occurs between 1500 AD to 1520 AD. At this time, science started being applied in art. Artists are more viewed as “creators” and had more confident role in society. They did not dare to be as confident before this is because of religious influences. They used new art skills such as chiaroscuro and sfumato. Chiaroscuro means to play with the presence of light and dark. Meanwhile sfumato means a smoky background or a smoky atmosphere.
Renaissance period is a reawakening of classical ideas and humanism. It is one of the important things in mankind history. Finally, renaissance period gave humans great confident and desire to excel in life for a better future. (246 words)