The Death March
The Japanese attack
World War II
In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the subject
Communication Skill II
Felix, Francisco Jr.
Submitted to: Ms. Caroline dela Cruz
Date: February 2013
This is for the readers who want to know and who want to have knowledge about the Death March Hope you have the courage and patient to analyze and understand my simple report. C.H
I acknowledge this to the present of my partner during the time of our research. And also to the people who keeps on inspiring me and Felix. His wife and also to his imaginary friend “WAKO WAKO”.
I choose it because I am came from Tarlac. I want to know the history of Tarlac. One of this is the Death March. I want to know if I have relatives involved in this event, to know how difficult the life of Filipinos and Americans in the hands of Japanese on April 9, 1942, to know also how many Filipinos were involves in the Death March. To know how many died and how many survived in this Death March. To know how long they walked. F.F
I choose this because I am very curious about it. I want to know a lot from it and I find it very interesting. C.H
The Death March is forced by the Japanese to walk over 75,000 prisoner of war or POW. Combination of Filipino and Americans which began on April 9, 1942.The Death March began in Mariveles, Bataan going to San Fernando, Pampanga which reaches 88 kilometers to Capaz, Tarlac and they walked again 13 kilometers to locate the head quarters O’Donnell. The March was take six days. Many Filipinos and Americans died on the March while they were walking in the road. The first stage of the walked just as much as the soldiers died them. Hungry and thirsty the prisoners further suffered and their life are more threatened. More than half of them are taking when they transport by taking but the survivor were once again walking 7 miles until they reached the head quarters O’Donnell. Over ten thousands of soldiers died in the road while other have successfully reached the forest. Nearly 54,000 just reached their dungeon.
The Japanese were unprepared for the number of prisoners that they were responsible for, and there was no organized plan for how to handle them. Prisoners were stripped of their weapons and valuables, and told to march to Balanga, the capital of Bataan. Many were beaten, bayoneted and mistreated. The first major atrocity occurred when between 350 and 400 Filipino officers and NCOs were summarily executed after they had surrendered.
The Japanese failed to supply the prisoners with food or water until they had reached Balanga. Many of the prisoners died along the way of heat or exhaustion. Prisoners were given no food for the first three days, and were only allowed to drink water from filthy water buffalo wallows on the side of the road. At times, prisoners were made to bury their comrades alive at the side of the roads. Any refusal to do so was met with execution and further punishment to others. Furthermore, Japanese troops would frequently beat and bayonet prisoners who began to fall behind, or were unable to walk. Once they arrived in Balanga, the overcrowded conditions and poor hygiene caused dysentery and other diseases to rapidly spread amongst the prisoners. The Japanese failed to provide them with medical care, leaving U.S. medical personnel to tend to the sick and wounded (with few or no supplies). In June 2001, U.S. Congressional Representative Dana Rohrabacherdescribed the horrors and brutality that the prisoners experienced on the march:
They were beaten, and they were starved as they marched. Those who fell were bayoneted. Some of those who fell were beheaded by Japanese officers who were practicing with their samurai swords from horseback. The Japanese culture at that time reflected the view that any warrior who surrendered had no...
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