The Dales to the Border

Topics: England, Cumbria, Humber Pages: 6 (1476 words) Published: July 2, 2011
The Dales to the Border or the North Region
It’s the northernmost region in England and contains some of the wildest and loneliest parts in country, but also some of the busiest industrial centres. The Dales to the Border
The Dales to the Border
Borders: in the north Scotland, in the east the North Sea, in the west the Irish Sea and in the south the midlands regions of England It compromises the counties of Northumberland, Durham, Yorkshire, Cumberland and Lancashire. Its name is because this region is from the border between England and Scotland to the dales which are lowland valleys. During the Ice Age many deep valleys were formed in the counties of Cumbria and North Yorkshire and made rivers into waterfalls and left behind the hills and mountains. Beneath the earth is coal- the foundation of the region’s industry.

* Yorkshire Ouse or Ouse: It flows towards the south-east in the Humber. * Aire: It flows towards the southeast in the Ouse River. * Tees: It flows towards the east in the North Sea.
* Tyne: It flows towards the east in the North Sea.
* Wear: It flows towards the east in the North Sea


The Penniene Chain dominates the region. This chain is an extensive range of hills, from northern England, extending south from the Cheviot Hills on the southern border of Scotland to the Midland Plain of England. In the northwest, the Eden Valley separates the Pennine Chain from the region known as the Cumbrian or the Lake District Mountains. In the south, the chain is broken by the Aire River. The Pennine Chain covers parts of Northumberland; Cumbria; Durham; Lancashire; North, West, and South Yorkshire; Derbyshire; and Cheshire. The highest point, Cross Fell, is 893 m.

The Cumbrian Mountains are a mountain range on the northwestern England. It has some deposits of coal and iron ore. One of the notable elevations is Scafell Pike, 978 m, the highest mountain in England. There are many narrow valleys in all directions from the central region.

There are also two plains: the Lancashire and Cheshire Plains. As regards features on the coast, this region has two important estuaries: the Humber in the east, is an estuary formed by the Trent and Ouse rivers; and the Solway Firth in the west, to the north of the Cumbrian Mountains, which is an inlet of the Irish Sea, separating northwestern England from southern Scotland. Humber Estuary

National Parks
2- Lake District
7- Yorkshire Dales
6- North York Moors

Lake District

Many lakes, including Windermere, comprise the Lake District, made famous by the so-called Lake poets—William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Robert Southey. Lake District is a National Park that is onwed by the National Trust, which is a charity financed by ordinary people who pay to became members.

Lake Windermere, Lake District, England
Watersports enthusiasts windsurf on Lake Windermere in England’s Lake District. Windermere has become a popular venue for watersports and fishing, leading to conflicts with conservationists over the use of the area.

Yorkshire Dales
In 1954, Yorkshire Dales was designated the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Over 20,000 residents live and work in the park, which attracts over eight million visitors every year.] The area has a large collection of activities for visitors. For example, many people come to the Dales for walking or exercise. The National Park is crossed by several long-distance routes including the Pennine Way, the Dales Way, the Coast to Coast Path and the latest national trail—the Pennine Bridleway.  Cycling is also popular and there are several cycleways. The Park has its own museum, the Dales Countryside Museum.

North York Moors

The North York Moors (also known as the North Yorkshire Moors) is a national park in North Yorkshire, England. The moors are one of the largest expanses of heather moorland in the United Kingdom. It covers an area of 1,436...
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