The Current System of Education in the Philippines

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The current System of Education in the Philippines is in the brink of extinction, for a new Education System is being proposed. The existing system of 6 years in Elementary, and 4 years in Secondary before entering Tertiary is being challenged. In fact, a major reform in the Education System is on the horizon, and this shall radically change the way Filipinos are educated. Many queries arise because of the new system. Students, parents and even educators doubt the effectiveness of the K+12. Contrarily, the Department of Education does not want to be stopped and is determined to pursue the program. On a reform as massive as this, it is expected that the opinions of the people are divided; after all, it depends in the K+12 on how the Education of the country will progress. It is proper then that the public be educated about the issue. Parents must know about this because in it depends the Education of their child; students must know about this because in it depends the way on how they would be educated; and educators must know about this because in it depends how they’ll educated the students. The purpose of this essay is straightforward: to inform the public about the issue and present my arguments regarding the K+12. I will embark upon the effectiveness of the implementation of K+12, not necessarily the effectiveness of K+12 as a system. In Education lies the future of a society; it is appropriate then that the students be educated properly, because their individual as well as societal growth depends in it. What is K+12 and why would we implement it?

Starting SY 2011-2012, the Department of Education will begin to implement the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program, or simply K+12. K+12 is an abbreviation of Kindergarten + 12 years of Elementary and Secondary Education. This means that all students are required to enroll on a Kindergarten first, before advancing into Elementary. The current 4 years of Secondary level will be changed into 6 years, divided in Junior High School and Senior High School. Thus, the basic Education process of a Filipino child will be Kindergarten + 6 years of Elementary + 4 years of Junior High + 2 years of Senior High. The Universal Kindergarten will be implemented starting SY 2011-2012. This means that starting this school year, the first step in the Education of a child is Kindergarten, unlike in the old system where a child may go to Elementary without finishing Kindergarten. On SY 2012-2013 all the grade 1 students will be under the 12 year Education curriculum and the old 10 year curriculum will finally be removed. The batch of first year high school students on SY 2012-2013 will be the first ones to experience the new high school curriculum; this means that by SY 2016-2017 they will undergo Senior High, instead of already finishing Secondary level. And by SY 2018-2019 all students are required to have attended the full 12 years of basic Education for them to be accepted in the Tertiary level. The obvious addition in the K+12 is the Senior High School. The Department of Education has outlined the basic definition of Senior High School, and it is: [a] 2 years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue, [wherein] skills and competencies relevant to the job market [are taught]. The 2 years of senior HS intend[s] to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. The curriculum will allow specializations in Science and Technology, Music and Arts, Agriculture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship. Studies are made regarding the capability of a Filipino student, and results gathered are very negative: The National Achievement Tests (NAT) for grade 6 students on SY 2009-2010 shows that only 69.21% of examinees passed, while the NAT for high school students show a more negative result – only 46.38% examinees passed. International studies are not different,...
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