The Agricultural Land Reform Code (RA 3844) was a major Philippine land reform law enacted in 1963 under President Diosdado Macapagal. It abolished tenancy and established a leasehold system in which farmers paid fixed rentals to landlords, rather than a percentage of harvest. It also established the Land Bank of the Philippines to help with land reform, particularly the purchase of agricultural estates for division and resale to small landholders, and the purchase of land by the agricultural lessee. While the law was a significant advance over previous legislation, though the bill was weakened by numerous amendments imposed by Congress, which was dominated by landlords. It was also weakened by the failure of Congress to allocate necessary funds for effective implementation of the law. The act has been further amended several times subsequent to becoming law by later legislation.
The main provisions of the Agricultural Land Reform Code were: * To establish and encourage the formation of family-sized farms as the basis for Philippine agriculture * To improve the lives of farmers by liberating them from harmful practices such as illegal interest rates * To encourage greater productivity and increase income of small farmers * To apply labor laws equally regardless of status
* To provide a land settlement program and promote equitable distribution of land
Agrarian Reform: A Protracted Struggle in the Philippine:
The Philippines has seen over 400 uprisings - many of them land-related and peasant-led - in its long history. The intensity of agrarian conflict in the country is rooted in a highly skewed land ownership pattern - a legacy of colonial rule ó and not coincidentally, widespread rural poverty. Poverty in the Philippines is largely rural. According to the National Statistical Coordinating Board (NSCB) in 2006, farmers and fishermen are estimated to...