"The Cultural Construction Of Gender and Sexuality"
"Differentiating Sexuality And Gender"
The biological term, Gender refers to the fact that humans are overwhelmingly either male or female.
The Organization of cultural activity by gender is pervasive.
Every subject that we touch on in cultural anthropology shows the workings of the cultural construction of gender.
Sexuality and Gender are the two main parts of the biocultural model
The primate species of mammal to which modern humans belong known as Homo Sapien reproduce through sexual intercourse between male and female.
Sex has been deemed less appropriate for scholarship than kinship or ritual is.
Ironically in sex the pleasure and procreation is important.
"How Many Genders? How Many Sexualities? The puzzle of homosexuality"
Anthropology Contributes to the homosexuality debate in two ways: first by examining the cultural assumptions of the western model of gender and sexuality and by exploring the ideas of othercultures.
Gilbert Herdt stated that Western thinkers, including anthropologist,have been prisoners of "Sexual dimorphism".
Sexual dimorphism empasizes two genders,male,and female, whose purpose is reproduction.
Sexual dimorphism relegates other culturally constructed genders, as well as nonreproductive sexuality to marginal or deviant status at best.
As long as the dimorphism model was used, There was little inclination to credit the possibility of a third or fourth gender in other cultures.
Among North American Indian tribes, there have been many variations on gender behavior that go far beyond a simple male-female dichotomy.
Term "Berdache" has often been used for individuals (usually males) who took on female roles.
Concerned Native Americans said "Berdache" which was originally a derogatory word from Arabic, is Inappropriate.
In Native... [continues]
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(2009, 12). The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 12, 2009, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Cultural-Construction-Of-Gender-And-262058.html
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