The Crusades

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Crusades

After the Dark Ages, most of Europe was still in recovery from that time in history. The Christians and the Muslims started to develop religious conflicts over who could have access to the Holy Land located in Jerusalem. The Muslims cut off access from the Christians, which is what started the series of religious wars we know today as the first, second and third Crusades or: The Crusades. Pope Urban II declared the first crusade, The Christian plan was to go to Constantinople to gather more leaders and armies to fight against the Muslims. The Christians were very determined to gain access back to the Holy Land. So much so, that they spent three years preparing for it. Pope Urban II preached to the Christians and told them that anyone who helped and fought the Muslims would have all their sins forgiven, and they would be tax and debt free. Higher classed people rode horses along the journey to Constantinople and stayed in inns, while the lower classes had to walk and beg for food. People weren’t so kind back then. Pilgrims dug up ground water, drank urine, animal blood, water out of sewerage ditches, etc. When they finally attached they showed no mercy. No mercy against the sick, women or children.

In 1144, the Turks captured the country of Edessa, which made Pope Eugenis III declare the second crusade. The Christians set out for battle. They decided not to head to Edessa to try and regain their land, but headed to Damascus where they were sadly defeated. The second Crusade was a failure for the Christians.

About thirty years later, Pope Gregory VIII called for the third Crusade. The kings in France, Germany and the son of King Henry II allied with each other to defeat Saladin. The Christians lost over seven million men, they had over two thousand seven hundred Muslims captured and only achieved to gain back one piece of land. After this tragic event, the Christians offered a peace...
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