Socail Work :
Modern social work consists of three levels: individual social work, group social work and social work in the community. Specialists lead a lot of discussion about community, sometimes equivocal and even inconsistent about concept of community, contents of social programs realized at a local level, and activity of social workers which are not members of the community. The community that unites people who live within one geographical district is called territorial community. The community on interests unites people that have common problems or people who have common interests, social connection or characteristics. The idea of community has been put forward recently as the answer to problems of modern society and shows crisis of modern state. Similar tendencies are observed all over the world. The national states are not perceived as the formations that are able to satisfy all requirements of their citizens. People try to realize themselves in small groups which meet their requirements. And more than that, people all over the world consider public services to have bureaucratism and low efficiency. There is a law that regulates mutual relations in granting the help in the community. According to this it is possible to involve non-state organizations in granting services that should be given by state organizations. The social workers who engaged in organization of communities have more in common with politicians or trade-union leaders than social workers who serve separate persons, families or small groups. Such disagreement in methods of work caused a pressure in the professional environment during many years. It was difficult to decide what should it be – ability of construction and integration of community or development of the programs aimed on social changes. Social work is the system...
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