Alexandre Dumas, one of the most widely read French authors in the world, wrote during the late 19th century a prominent romantic historical novel; love, betrayal, revenge, and redemption convert the story of The Count Of Monte- Cristo in one of the most renowned classics of all time. It is considered an extraordinary novel because of its shocking characters, theme, and drive to vengeance.
Alexandre Dumas was born on July 1802 in Villers Cotterets in Picardy, France. He was the only true quadroon, the only grandchild of a Negro (Lazen 1506). He was born as the illegitimate son of the famous novelist Thomas Dumas. Dumas was raised by his seamstress mother, Catherine Labay, until the elder Dumas legally recognized his paternity and assumed responsibility for his son’s care in 1831. He was the only man with wooly hair, and deficient calves, and black pigment in the creases of the joints of his fingers, whoever gained a considerable place in the literature of the world (Parini 1506). He secured his own fame in 1852 with the production of La dame aux camellias, a drama based on his novel by the same name. This work, which faithfully portrayed the life of a Parisian, introduced realism to the modern French stage. Dumas subsequently made important contributions to the theater in his self-proclaimed role as a social reformer: using the stage as a tribunal for such contemporary social problems as adultery and divorce, he pioneered the development of the model social drama (Lancaster 345). Dumas is praised by almost all the novels he wrote, but there are three in special by which he pass into history as the French writer most admired of all time: * The Three Musketeers (France, July 1844)
* The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later, “The Man in Iron Mask” (France, 1847). * The Count of Monte Cristo (France 1845)
The Count of Monte Cristo vicariously had a grater success than any book which Dumas published. It, like most of Dumas’ major novels, was first serialized in the daily newspaper. (King 1139) Satisfies of everyone who has ever dreamed of winning the lottery or who has idly plotted revenge against their enemies, knowing full well they will never act on their darkest desires (Aubrey 2). According to the critic, genuine drama pleases the audience by presenting unusual events or situations in a compelling manner while maintaining a clear distinction between actor and spectator. Dumas is said to flout these precepts by taking commonplace corruption as his subject and displaying it unrefined upon the stage, inviting the audience to associate themselves with his characters (Fitzgerald) . Dumas is an excellent dramatist; at least, he possesses some of the highest qualities of drama, and had he sobriety, patience, and taste (Parini 1508).Critics believe that we owe more innocent amusement to Alexandre Dumas than to almost any other writer oh his generation. Many men of his generation has moved us more deeply, more beneficially; but few have amused us in so primitive way, or so much, or so long, or with so little harm (Oliphant 111).
When Edmond Dantes sailed into Marseilles harbor that day in 1815, he was surrounded by enemies. His shipmate, Danglars, coveted his appointment as captain of the Pharaoh. Ferdinand Mondego wished to wed Mercedes, who was betrothed to Edmond. Danglars and Ferdinand wrote a note accusing Edmond of carrying a letter from Elba to the Bonapartist committee in Paris. On his wedding day Edmond was arrested and taken before a deputy named Villefort, a political turncoat, who to protect himself, had Edmond secretly imprisoned in the dungeons of the Chateau D’If. There Dantes’ incarceration was secured by the plotting if his enemies outside the prison notably Villefort, who wished to cover up his own father’s connections with Bonapartists. Years passed. Then one night Edmond heard the sound of digging from an adjoining...