The Correct Ways of Developing Oracy

Topics: Language, Infant, Debut albums Pages: 7 (2274 words) Published: May 26, 2013
Cultural Issues
It is important to begin looking for the problem at the start of childhood: birth. These next few paragraphs are all about common problems with raising a young child and language development. The discussed issues below are all taken from recent research.

Parents do not know how to raise a child
There is a small amount of parents that do not know how to raise a child properly. Research shows some parents think that children speak before they understand; they should not talk to the children until they can talk to you; children start hearing at the six months old and many more of these misconceptions. It is important that these not-knowing parents are educated properly, if not, their children will miss out on some very important language skill developments.

Are parents spoiling children if they talk to them?
Some people are convinced that parents should not talk a lot to their baby. When they do this they believe that there is a chance that the child might get spoiled. There are also people saying the opposite: talk to your baby as much as you can as it is good for the child. There is a whole website dedicated to why parents should talk to their baby. This is what they’ve said: ‘Communication is the building block to everything in our lives, therefore we need to shift cultural expectations so that children are seen and heard.’ They believe that talk and play are natural ways of developing the baby’s communication and social skills. They encourage that parents should talk about people and objects in the presence of the baby. The parent should slow the speed down and repeat the names. Imitating sounds which are around are also really helpful, for instance, “brroommmm brroommmm” for a car. The parent should then give the child time to process the information and respond to this.

The side effects of dummies
Dummies or pacifiers are one of those things children like to use. But as you can imagine, when a child is using one, how can the child speak? It is proven that the use of a dummy can damage the teeth of children but is it also disadvantageous for other areas? This is what National literacy have to say about the use of dummies: If your child uses a dummy/bottle a lot, it may affect speech and language development by restricting tongue movements, making speech sound unclear or causing a gap in the front teeth that may lead to a lisp. This points out that it is not always beneficial for a child to use a dummy. However, there is advice given: children older than 12 months should not use dummies anymore; remove the dummy from a child’s mouth when it is trying to speak. This is what Dr. Elise Baker has to say about the matter: ‘It would seem reasonable to suggest that articulation of bilabial, alveolar, palatal and velar sounds would be difficult with an object in the mouth. It would also seem reasonable to suggest that an alert infant sucking vigorously on a dummy would not be engaging in vocal play, producing raspberries or consonant and vowel-like cooing and babbling. It would also seem reasonable to suggest that an infant with a dummy in his or her mouth would have difficulty imitating facial expression and mouth movements.’

Does the design of a buggy have any impact on the development of young children? Babies and young children are being pushed around in buggies quite a lot these days so it is important to look at what effect this has on the children. There are many different kinds of buggies: buggies facing the parent; buggies facing the street; closed buggies etc. What’s life in a buggy like? is a research and it is all about these aspects of the buggy. As the previous paragraph suggests: parents should talk to their babies. The research shows that parents speak a lot more to children in buggies facing toward the parent than to babies in buggies facing away. This next graph shows the exact results:

A peculiar thing is that there is a difference in how much the parents speak to...
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