The Cordillera Administrative Region Profile

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  • Topic: Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Provinces of the Philippines
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  • Published : August 27, 2012
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THE CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION
* Dubbed as the “ Watershed Cradle of North Luzon” - because it hosts 9 major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for Northern Luzon (it will start here the various rivers, the Cagayan River and the Agno River / “La Montañosa” * Is the Philippines’ only land locked region

* It is consisted of the 6 provinces – Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province. * It encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central mountain range of Luzon – which is the largest range in the country * The region is home of the numerous indigenous tribes which are collectively called the Igorot * It has a total population of 1, 728, 687 up to date

* The region is accessible by land and by air, but due to its mountainous landscape, transportation between provinces , municipalities and barangays could be difficult * It can be entered from the West through the Ilocos Region via Kennon Road, Marcos Highway and Naguilian Road * From the east, it can be reached via Tuguegarao in Cagayan Province * Ifugao is accessible via Nueva Vizcaya through the municipality of Bagabag

PHYSICAL CONDITION
* Almost the whole region is situated in the mountainous Cordillera Central range, this is where the second highest mountain in the country is located that rises 2, 922 meters – which is the Mount Pulag

CLIMATE CONDITION
* The region, being in the highlands, offers a cool and invigorating climate which attracts tourists and the people from lowlands during the summer months * The season are not yet very pronounced but the climate is relatively dry from November to April and relatively wet from May to September * The average annual temperature in the region is generally cooler than the rest of the country at 23.8°C (74.8°F) – because of its elevation

ECONOMIC PROFILE
* The region is rich in mineral resources such as gold, copper, silver and zinc – because mining industry is still concentrated in the province of Benguet * Agriculture is another dominant sector establishing itself as a top producer of upland vegetables and fruits * Pine trees covers most of the regions’ area while other trees such as narra, acacia and almacoa abound is some provinces such as Abra, Kalinga and Apayao

* Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet are considered as the industrial centers in the region – because in Baguio City, you will find an Export Processing Zone (EPZA) where operations of big companies like Texas Instruments and MOOG are located and here in La Trinidad, you will find the Provincial Capitol and regional branches of our government organizations

HISTORY PROFILE
* In 1907, Mountain Province was known then as the Lepanto – Bontoc Province that became a special province of the Philippines comprising the sub – provinces of Bontoc – Lepanto, AMburayan, Ifugao, Kalinga, Benguet and Apayao – it was then recognized to comprise the sub – provinces of Benguet, Ifugao, Bontoc, Apayao and Kalinga (BIBAK) adopting the name of Mt. Province and it was then again divided into 4 separate provinces, which includes Benguet, Ifugao, Mt. Province (new) and Kalinga – Apayao through the R.A. 4695 * It was on July 15, 1987 that Cordillera Administrative Region was established through the Executive Order No. 220 (E.O. 220) issued by the late President Corazon Aquino – it is now composed of provinces which used to be part of the Old Mountain Province such as Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mt. Province (new) and the chartered city of Baguio Trivia: It is interesting to note that the provinces (including Baguio City) except for Abra are the sub – provinces of the old Mountain Province, while the provinces of Kalinga and Apayao are combined to form the sub - province of Kalinga – Apayao while the new Mt. Province was then called the sub – province of Bontoc * According to the Republic Act 6766 (R.A. 6766) which was passed...
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