The Conservation of Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs

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  • Topic: World Heritage Site, Cultural heritage, Historic preservation
  • Pages : 37 (12018 words )
  • Download(s) : 361
  • Published : May 23, 2013
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CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction

Visiting Historical and Cultural sites is also one of the most popular tourist activities nowadays. Travelers such as families, senior citizens, students and even foreign and domestic visitors choose to visit attractions that may be related to the historical and cultural background of a certain place when on vacation. The Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs is considered as a highly significant cultural landmark. It is a rock art on a wall situated on the rock shelter in the mountainside of Angono and Binangonan, Rizal that was engraved during the ancient civilization about 3000 B.C. It is considered as the oldest known work of art in the Philippines. It was discovered accidentally by the late renowned national artist, Carlos “Botong” Francisco in 1965, a noted muralist and artist from the town of Angono, while he was on a field trip with a group of boy scouts. Originally, there are 127 drawings in the form of human and animal figures engraved on the rock wall distributed on a horizontal plane on the rock walls dated in 3000 B.C. These inscriptions clearly show stylized human figures, frog and lizards along with other designs. In 1985, these Petroglyphs have been included in the World Inventory of Rock Art under the auspices of UNESCO, ICOM, ICOMOS and ICCROM listed under the Standard Rock Art Site RECORD FILES (RAS) together with other world famous prehistoric rock art. In 1996, the World Monuments Watch, a non-profit organization based in New York whose concerns are the preservation of world cultural heritage, listed Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs as one of the “100 Most Endangered Sites and Monuments”. To save the rock engravings from further deterioration and decay, American Express International through the World Monuments Fund, extend financial assistance for its preservation. The first step undertaken was to establish the over-all conservation management plan of the site through the assistance of foreign consultant, Dr. Nicholas Stanley-Price. The preservation and development of the Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs is a collective effort of the National Museum of the Philippines, the Department of Tourism and World Monuments Fund. Nation is kept unified by a deep sense of pride in its own identity, cultural heritage and nature patrimony. Conservation and Preservation of Cultural and Historical sites is very important to become an informative, exciting and an enjoyable place to visit – a place that inspires people, both domestic and foreign people to learn from the traditions so as to help shape a better future. This study focuses on how the Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs in Angono-Binangonan, Rizal is being conserved through the years. The researchers find it interesting to know how it is being conserve which shows the history beyond the human and animal figures engraved on the rock wall for the benefit of future generations. The structure of it was also unique. The manmade tunnel on the entrance of Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs also caught the attention of the researchers because at first the researchers recognized it as a cave. Inside the tunnel you can feel the freshness of air. It was scary at the first moment you enter because it was really dark.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to identify and analyze what really are the problems it may undertake. Specifically, the study aims to know how National Museum conserves Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs. The researchers seek to find answers to the following questions: 1. What is the current status of Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs? 2. What are the changes that happened caused by:

3.1 Human Intervention
3.2 Natural Phenomena
3. How does the Angono-Binangonan Petroglyphs is being conserve in terms of: 4.3 Preservation
4.4 Reconstruction
4.5 Restoration
Significance of the Study

The researchers are hopeful that this study could help and it is undertaken not only...
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