The Concept of Motivation

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WARID MOTIVATION
Concept of Motivation
The beginning of the twenty century motivation was not introduced popularly. If human beings were free for choosing. In seventeenth and eighteenth century the philosophers respectively Restarts, Hobbes, Locke and Hume concepted a more mechanistic view. They suggested that some actions arise from internal or external forces where there is no control. According to Hobbes behave should be such a way where pain is being avoided and achieve pleasure. No matter what reasons we may give for our conduct, there two tendencies are the underlying causes of all behavior. View on Motivation

Each and every theory has origin. In motivation there are three perspectives. These are - 1) The traditional approach.
2) The human relation approach.
3) The human resource approach.
Human relation approach
It’s emphasized on the role of social processes in the workplace. For that employees have the need of social needs. For motivating the people this need is so important than money. Human resource approach

Human resource view assumes that the contribution of illusion and participation are valuable to both individuals and organizations. It assumes that people want to contribute and are able to make genuine contributions. This philosophy indicates the contemporary thinking about employee motivation.

Relationship between Motivation and Satisfaction
Motivation is a general process applying to the entire class of drives, needs, wishes and similar forces. By which element the demand will be fulfilled and after fulfilling this when someone is feeling content that is called satisfaction.

The relationship between motivation and satisfaction are given below by a diagram
Job satisfaction must have by a person but they have a low level of motivation for the job. This indicates that low job satisfaction with highly motivated persons look for other position. So that people who find their position rewarding but are being paid considerably less than they deserve will probably search for other jobs.

THEORIES AND WARID MOTIVATION
Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory
Need hierarchy is developed by Abraham Maslow who is a humanistic psychologist. He developed a model in his book “Motivation and Personality”. In this hierarchical model, when a need is mostly satisfiedit no longer motivates and the next higher need takes its place. However Maslow developed this needshierarchy in 1943. Maslow’s hierarchy suggests that human needs can be classified into five categories. Physiological needs:

These needs are the most basic physical needs for food, water, shelter, oxygen etc. On the job these needs consists of needs for equal to heat air and a base salary to ensure survival. Security and safety needs:

These are the needs for a safe and secure or freedom from war, poison, violence. In the workplace, these needs consist of work safety, job security, health insurance and fringe benefits. Belongingness needs:

These needs represent that the needs to have satisfactory social relationship to be accepted by one’s peers, to be part of a group. In the organization these needs are reflected by the need to participate in a work group and to have positive relationship with both co-workers and supervisors. Esteem needs:

These needs deal with the desire to receive attention and appreciation from others. In a work environment these needs deal with for status and recognition for one’s contributions to the work group and the organization.

Esteem needs:
These needs deal with the desire to receive attention and appreciation from others. In a work environment these needs deal with for status and recognition for one’s contributions to the work group and the organization.

Self-actualization:
At the top of the Maslow’s hierarchy is the open-ended category self actualization. It is the desire to become what one is capable of becoming – to maximize one’s potential and to accomplish something. These need hierarchy...
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