The Concept of Antyodaya Anna Yojana

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Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)
Antyodaya Anna yojana has been launched by the Hon'ble Prime Minister  of  India on  the  25th December,2000. This  scheme  reflects  the  commitment  of  the Government of India to ensure food security for all create a hunger  free  India in the next five years and to reform and improve the Public Distribution System so  as to serve the poorest of the poor in rural and urban areas. It is for the poorest of poor that the  Antyodya  Anna  Yojana  has  been  conserved.  It  is estimated  that  5% of population are unable to get two square meals a day on a sub stained basis through out the year. Their purchasing power is so  low  that they  are not in a position to buy food grains round the year even at BPL rates. It is this 5% of out population (5 crores of people or 1 crore families)  which constitutes the target group of Antyodaya Anna Yojana.|

Antyodaya Anna Yojana contemplates identification of one crore families out of the number of BPL families who would be provided food grains at the rate of 35 Kg per family per month. The food grains will be issued by the Government of India @ Rs.2/- per Kg for wheat and Rs. 3/- per Kg for rice. The Government of India suggests that in view of abject poverty of this group of beneficiaries, the State Government may ensure that the end retail price is retained at Rs.2/-per Kg for wheat and Rs.3/- per Kg. for rice. |

The most crucial element for ensuring the success of Antyodaya Anna Yojana is the correct identification of Antyodaya families. It is estimated that there are 6.52 crore families below poverty line in the country as on 01-03-2000. These families are being provided food grains under the TPDS at highly subsidised rates. One crore Antyodaya families would constitute about 15.33% of the BPL families in the country. The identification of these families will have to be carried out by the State Government/UT...
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