The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform

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  • Topic: Corazon Aquino, Ferdinand Marcos, Philippines
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Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of 1988, also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas. CARP was established by the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (CARL) which aimed for a nation with equitable land ownership and empowered agrarian reform beneficiaries while, at least, improving social lives. The law was outlined by former President Corazon C. Aquino through Presidential Proclamation 131 and Executive Order 229 on June 22, 1987. The law was finally enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines and signed by Aquino on June 10, 1988. [edit] Spanish and American regimes

During the Spanish regime, Philippines land ownership was ruled by private sectors, generally by the encomenderos, large landlords and friar feudal haciendas. Small farmers were struggling at that time for agrarian rights, especially that titular system was not infamous and ancestral domainship is their only legal basis for ownership. It was during the American occupation that agrarian reform finally stabilized. Even though there are some agrarian rights established by the American colonial government, few were only given initiatives and the rich agrarian families in countryside continue to rule their own lands. [edit] Presidential Decree 27

In 1972, President Ferdinand Marcos, issued second presidential order after the Martial Law, stating that the Philippines is a land reform nation. A month later, he issued Presidential Decree no. 27 which detailed the first comprehensive agrarian reform order that was attempted in the country. According to the law, an individual cannot own more than seven hectares of land. If this may happen, the remaining area will be parceled out and will be divided into individual tenants. Such tenant may enjoy a maximum of three hectares of irrigated land, or five hectares of unused land, where the new owners will pay royalty taxes and the computable amount of land to the original landholders for a maximum of fifteen years. If, however, there are sharecroppers sharing lands with less than seven hectares of land area, the land will be converted to leaseholders with fixed rents. Only rice and corn fields were included to the PD 27.. Komprehensibong Repormang agraryo Program

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Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of 1988 , also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas . Komprehensibong Repormang agraryo ng Programa ng 1988, na kilala rin bilang Carp, ay isang Philippine patakaran ng estado na ang nagsisiguro at nagtataguyod sa kapakanan ng walang lupain magsasaka at sakahan manggagawa, pati na rin ang pagtataas ng panlipunang hustisya at katarungan sa mga rural na lugar . CARP was established by the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (CARL) which aimed for a nation with equitable land ownership and empowered agrarian reform beneficiaries while, at least, improving social lives. Carp ay itinatag sa pamamagitan ng Comprehensive Repormang agraryo Batas ng 1988 (Carl) na naglalayong para sa isang bansa na may pantay na lupa ang pagmamay-ari at kapangyarihan reporma agraryo benepisyaryo habang, hindi bababa sa, ang pagpapabuti ng panlipunang buhay. The law was outlined by former President Corazon C. Aquino through Presidential Proclamation 131 and Executive Order 229 on June 22, 1987. Ang mga batas ay naka-outline sa pamamagitan ng dating Presidente Corazon C. Aquino sa pamamagitan ng Presidential Proclamation 131 at Executive Order 229 sa Hunyo 22, 1987. The law was finally enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines and signed by Aquino on June 10, 1988. Ang batas ay enacted sa wakas ng 8th...
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