The Communist Manifesto

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Manifesto of the Communist Party
by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
February 1848
Written: Late 1847;
First Published: February 1848;
Source: Marx/Engels Selected Works, Vol. One, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1969, pp. 98-137; Translated: Samuel Moore in cooperation with Frederick Engels, 1888; Transcribed: by Zodiac and Brian Baggins;

Proofed: and corrected against 1888 English Edition by Andy Blunden 2004; Copyleft: Marxists Internet Archive (marxists.org) 1987, 2000, 2010. Permission is granted to distribute this document under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License. Table of Contents

Editorial Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 2 Preface to The 1872 German Edition .............................................................................................. 4 Preface to The 1882 Russian Edition .............................................................................................. 5 Preface to The 1883 German Edition .............................................................................................. 6 Preface to The 1888 English Edition............................................................................................... 7 Preface to The 1890 German Edition ............................................................................................ 10 Preface to The 1892 Polish Edition ............................................................................................... 12 Preface to The 1893 Italian Edition............................................................................................... 13 Manifesto of the Communist Party................................................................................................ 14 I. Bourgeois and Proletarians ........................................................................................................ 14 II. Proletarians and Communists ................................................................................................... 22 III. Socialist and Communist Literature ........................................................................................ 28 1. Reactionary Socialism....................................................................................................... 28 A. Feudal Socialism ...................................................................................................... 28 B. Petty-Bourgeois Socialism ....................................................................................... 29 C. German or “True” Socialism.................................................................................... 29 2. Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism ............................................................................... 31 3. Critical-Utopian Socialism and Communism.................................................................... 32 IV. Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties ............. 34 Letter from Engels to Marx, 24 November 1847 .......................................................................... 35 Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith ................................................................................... 36 The Principles of Communism...................................................................................................... 41 Demands of the Communist Party in Germany............................................................................. 55 The Paris Commune. Address to the International Workingmen’s Association, May 1871......... 58 Endnotes ........................................................................................................................................ 672 Introduction Editorial Introduction

The “Manifesto of the Communist Party” was written by Marx and Engels as the Communist League’s programme on the...
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