The Cold War and the United States Diplomacy
The Cold War was the state of military and political tension between Western countries, especially the United States, its NATO allies, and the communist nations, particularly the Soviet Union and other satellite states. The war began after World War II had got to an end.
The Cold War was named so since it did not feature any form of military action. The countries in this war possessed nuclear weapons and any form of war would have led to serious destructions on both divides. The relative calm between these countries was sometimes followed by high tensions, which would have emanated into a war but did not (Gottfried & Reim, 2003). The following essay will look at what the U.S. did during that time, as well as summarize the situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during the president’s time in office. In addition, the essay will describe the effect of these diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries as well as assess, in conclusion, the advantages and disadvantages of the particular doctrine that was followed.
What the President Did During That Time
During the cold war, the president was Ronald Reagan. He, together with members of his administration, came up with a strategy designed to oppose the influence that the Soviet Union had in the world. It came to be referred to as the Reagan Doctrine. This also came to be the showpiece of the United States foreign policy in the early 80s until the Cold war ended in 1991 (Gaddis, 2011).
Under this Doctrine, the U.S. government provided what is widely known as “overt and covert aid” to resistant movements as well as anti-communist guerillas in an effort to ensure that the support the Soviet Union received from Latin America, Asia, and Africa was reduced. This doctrine was started as a means of reducing the influence of the Soviet Union as part of the United States major Cold war strategy.
Some of the actions of Ronald Reagan under the Reagan Doctrine included anti-regime propaganda campaigns, training and funding of insurgency groups, and other activities that involved the direct involvement of the U.S. government. This policy was in line with the U.S. foreign policy of proposing foreign solutions to challenges facing the world (Smith, 2012).
Situation That Required U.S. Diplomatic Efforts during the President’s Time in Office
The influence of the Soviet Union to various countries in the world, commonly referred to as Satellite countries, led to the United States administering diplomatic efforts. Some of the countries that the Soviet Union had influence on included Poland, Hungary, Cuba, Bulgaria, Mongolia, Vietnam, Czechoslovakia, Romania, East Germany, North Korea, Angola and Albania (Surhone, Timpledon, & Marseken, 2010). During this time, the countries were said to be moving along the road of development of the socialists.
One of the greatest influences of the Soviet Union to these countries was the supply of military weapons. The union would convince the countries that there was a need to always have some military arms to protect themselves from any external aggression. In addition, the Soviet Union also provided financial aid to some of these countries. Some of the major beneficiaries of the financial aid included Cuba, Bulgaria, and Vietnam. In response, these countries showed their full support to the Soviet Union. The United States saw these activities as a means of turning countries away from them, and thus had to act (Surhone, Timpledon, & Marseken, 2010).
The Diplomatic Doctrine the President Followed, With Reference To Specific Actions or Events That Occurred
As discussed above, the doctrine that was used during the Cold War was referred to as the Reagan Doctrine, instituted by the president of the time, Ronald Reagan. The doctrine was announced on 6th...