The Cold War: Afghan-Soviet War and Moscow Olympics

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1979-1989

During and after World War II, the United States and some of its closer allies were suspicious of the Communist influence and the intentions of the Soviet Union. The Cold War, which lasted from 1953 to 1991, was a conflict between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. In the year of 1979, after helping to establish and maintain a communist government in their nation, the Soviet Union engaged in a bloody war with Afghanistan. This conflict caused massive amounts of destruction and chaos for Afghanistan, but in the end it was a military disaster for the Soviet Union. In 1980 the United States did not attend to the Moscow Summer Olympics because their political leaders supported President Carter's boycott of the Olympics to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Tom Makoski, 21 at the time, and many other United States citizens was surprised on how the events of the Cold War took place. The Soviet invasion in Afghanistan was a costly and, ultimately pointless war. On the 27th of December 1979 Operation Storm, a seven hundred-strong unit of Soviet special forces, invaded the city of Kabul. They were disguised as regular Afghan soldiers. they had come to kill Prime Minister Hafizullah Amin, but also to keep their interest of Afghanistan away from Iran and western nations. Also they wanted to preserve the communist government from collapsing. Through the next 10 years the Soviets attempted to gain control of the country and its people. The Soviets were met with strong resistance from the Afghan people; they saw the invasion as a intrusion of the Islam (their major religion) and of their culture. The Mujahidin, or the resistant fighters, would attack the Soviets, then disappear into the mountains. This caused great destruction without huge battles. The Soviets then attempted to eliminate the mujahideen’s civilian support by bombing and depopulating the rural areas. The mujahideen were...
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