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The Cold War

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  • March 2013
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The cold war between Russia and the Allies began almost immediately in post-World War 2 Europe as relations between partners of the former coalition against Germany fell to bickering over just about everything. More formally, the cold war began in 1946 when Winston Churchill made his "Iron Curtain Speech" at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri after receiving an honorary degree there. Churchill stated: "I have a strong admiration and regard for the valiant Russian people......It is my duty, however, to place before you certain facts........From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin......Vienna......and Sofia; all these famous cities lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere........." The cold war was on and would not end for over 40 years. Instead of England, Russia and the US and their allies matched against Germany, Japan and their allies (Axis Powers), the post-World War 2 Cold War struggle matched the US, England and their allies against Russia and her allies. THE END OF THE COLD WAR

American statesmanship, aided at times by perceptive Estimates, was instrumental in identifying and seizing an opportunity to end the Cold War and the arms race. Presidents Bush and Gorbachev grappled with the enormous issues of the day as well as the legacy of the past in an effort to change US-Soviet relations and, in the process, the postwar international system. They met three times at bilateral summits and twice at multilateral sessions. In between, they kept up contact through correspondence and phone calls. Secretary Baker met more than 20 times with Foreign Minister Shevardnadze and worked closely with his successor. This intensively personal diplomatic activity produced numerous formal agreements and informal understandings that, in effect, led to the end of the Cold War. Most important,...

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