The Cold War

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Thematic Essay: The Cold War

The Cold War marked a period in history when the United States and the Soviet Union experienced tension. This tension was highlighted by various events that took place in different areas of the world. The Cold War was given that name because of the relationship that developed mainly between the United States and the Soviet Union, this all started in late 1945. During this time major crises occurred, two of those being the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Berlin Airlift. The Cuban Missile crisis was a thirteen-day confrontation between the United States and Cuba with the Soviet Union on their side. The Berlin Airlift was when Russia started to isolate the territories of Germany under their rule.

The Berlin Airlift occurred shortly after World War II, during the Cold War. After World War II, the four major countries of the Allies were placed in charge as occupation forces when Germany surrendered. The four major countries were Britain, France, the Untied States and Russia. The country was split up and placed under the control of each country, and the capital city of Berlin was also divided. Russia began to isolate the territories under their rule; eventually Russia fabricated a wall known as the “Iron Curtain”. The city of Berlin was within the region being ruled by Russia, so the sections of the city that were under the rule of the other major countries was cut off. The Soviet Prime minister wanted complete control so he closed the only road that connected the part of Berlin that was free from the remaining West Germany. The US and the other allies didn’t want Russia to take complete control over Berlin, so they sent cargo planes to deliver food, fuel and other necessary goods to the people. Eventually Russia gave in and re-opened the road.

The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to a nuclear war. The Crisis occurred in October 1962. Leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a thirteen- day...
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