By Samuel Huntington
Introduction to Sociology
December 1, 2010
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order is a continuation of the 1993 article written by Samuel Huntington. The book gives a new post Cold War order; prior to the Cold War societies were divided by ideological differences. Huntington main thesis argues, “The most important distinctions among peoples are no longer ideological, political or economic but cultural.” New conflicts will occur within the cultural boundaries. Huntington’s book was broken down into five sections each giving a purpose to understanding the new world’s civilizations. Huntington breaks the world down into seven competing civilizations consisting of: Sinc, Japanese, Hindu, Islamic, Orthodox, Western, and Latin. Africa is possible the eighth competing civilization.
To begin Huntington’s argument, he believes that the past paradigms we revert to be ineffective as do not understand the post- Cold War realities. Huntington begins to develop a new civilization paradigm; this will help to fill the gaps of world’s original ideas. To begin his theory Huntington divides the world into eight major civilizations. The reasons behind developing these eight civilizations are the geographical locations along with the domination of ideas, values and religion. Before 1500 A.D. civilizations were separated only geographically; during 1500 A.D. civilizations began to separate due to values, ideas and religion. Huntington’s idea shows global communications are in the West; this causes much hostility between non-western civilizations. The key to this chapter allows you to understand Huntington’s view on Westernization. Huntington also argues as the world becomes more modern, civilization will accustom their selves as the world grows.
In the beginning of the book Huntington explains how the Western civilization is the most powerful. However, by the second...