Nov. 28, 2012
APUSH, Block 3
The civil war has also been called “war between the states” and the “war for southern independence”. Which of the three tittles do you find most apt? Why?
The Civil War of 1861 has been one of the saddest events in American history. The United States divided into “the Union” and “the Confederacy” to fight against their own brothers. Even though many political, economic and social events led up to it, ultimately freedom is what the South was pursuing. Due to this fact, I believe the correct, or more appropriate name for the Civil War would be the “War for Southern Independence”, not only because of their fight for liberty, but also for their determination to preserve their society intact.
The Old South had had troubles with the United States since the beginning of the 19th century. Unfortunately everything culminated in the elections of 1860, where president Lincoln was elected, representing the Republican Party, and South Carolina started something that would lead to a disastrous finale, secession. Since the Republican Party was sectional (from the North), the South was confident that Lincoln would never have their best interests at heart. Following South Carolina’s footsteps, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas seceded as well. Which eventually lead the United States to fight for their Union. As a proof that they could, and wanted to be independent, the Confederacy adopted a Constitution in 1861, which was very similar to the one of the United States, except that it had many problems with taxation and states versus federal rights. The South being able to create their own government, with president Jefferson Davis in command, demonstrated the fact that the South not only yearned for their freedom, but also that they were prepared to defend their new acquired sense of independence at all costs. The Confederacy displayed their determination and high sense of morale in Fort...