15 April 2015
Firm and Strong Government
Since the beginning of civilization, much of existing empires were built and crushed again, and again. Even though Roman Empire was strong and stable, they have also perished along with others. One of the philosopher in Italy, Niccolo Machiavelli, started wondering why there are no empires that remained eternal. So he started to gather his thoughts and finally found six types of government. He realized that some people say there are three and that some say there are six. Machiavelli also states that out of the six types of government, three among them are bad and three are good. He called it "The Circle of Government" because those six governments rotate in the period of time. Then he goes on to talk about how the government was formed. The first government is monarchy. At first the ruler was the strongest amongst a group of people. Afterwards they changed to looking for the wisest to rule. After that sovereignty was inherited through the sons of the ruler. However, the position of the ruler became being the selfish and stubborn instead of leading. Then he, Machiavelli, talks about people made to get rid of the ruler that he called "Revolution." After "Revolution," government became an "anarchy" and went back to monarchy form of the government. So simply, there is monarchy, tyrany, nobility, oligarchy, revolution, and anarchy form of government that he mentioned. Although he pointed out three good powers and bad powers, Machiavelli says that good powers are monarchy, nobility, and Revolution. These days "The Circle of Government" formed by Check and Balance does structure, Check and Balance, and make strong and powerful government.
According to Machiavelli, the three most common forms of government include the monarchy, nobility, and the democratic. Machiavelli argues that each of these three systems is naturally unstable, transitory, and easily made to fail through a cycle of degeneration and re-formation. Specifically, Machiavelli argue that the “monarchy becomes tyranny, aristocracy degenerates into oligarchy, and the popular government lapses readily into licentiousness." But what if the three bad government forms are eliminated and the other three "good" forms protrude? Most governments that are performing democracy, uses Check and Balance system because this system satisfies all three group of people; aristocracy, monarch, and nation. In present time, people call aristocracy to governor, and monarch to president; However most of their responsibilities are exactly same. There must be reasons to choose the government format, Check and Balance, that system of Machiavelli proposed is very stable and very easy to gather the whole level of people thought. So even China performing the communism but the some of city which is capital of economy( Guangdong, Jiangsu..) using the democracy system because they realized those system is very efficient to capitalism.
Second reason for Machiavelli's proposal to make a government strong, is the power of the three departments that check each other and balance it out. Each parts of the U.S. government is limited in their power, as limited by the Constitution. This ensures that no single government branch can overtake another when making policy decisions. And also each branch of the government has procedures to punish or restrict their members from acting in inappropriate manner. Those of power make strict and powerful branch of government, for example, the Presidential veto of a Congressional bill, the Congressional impeachment of the President, or the Judicial ruling of Congressional laws that violate the U.S. Constitution. If the power of three branches started to head in the direction of bad forms of government, which is tyranny, oligarchy and anarchy, they work to fix each other. So this system make an equilibrium of power of the government and also equalize...
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