The Christmas Truce

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The Christmas Truce

1. The first Christmas Truce occurred on Christmas Eve or Christmas day in 1914 during World War 1, along the Western Front (Ypres). About 100.000 British and German troops were involved. They stopped fighting for one day to celebrate Christmas, some even stopped until New Year’s Day. Both sides sang christmas carols of their own and they exchanged small gifts like alcohol on No Man’s Land. There was a second one on Christmas Eve in 1915 between French and German troops on the Western Front. They made peace, ceased hostilities, visited each other trough trench tunnels … for one day.

2. The army generals were iritated when they heard what was happening, and issued strict orders forbidding friendly communication with the opposing troops. In the following years of the war, artillery bombardments were ordered on Christmas Eve to try to ensure that there were no further lulls in the combat. Troops were also rotated through various sectors of the front to prevent them from becoming overly familiar with the enemy.

3. - Not everybody wanted the Christmas Truce
- On both sides the soldiers wrote about lulls in the fighting. - 2/3 of the soldiers was involved in the Christmas Truce

In the museum you saw sculptures of soldiers of the opposite side shacking their hands, but there was a glass wall between them. Also one of soldiers giving present …

The Battle of Passchendaele

1. It was one of the major battles of the First World War, during July and November 1917. The Entente troops under British command attacked the German army to get the control of Passchendaele, near Ypres. The British Army wanted to achieve a breakthrough of the German defences. They launched several attacks, but they never managed to break through the German lines. This battle lasted until the Canadian Corps took Passchendaele in November 1917. The capturing of German territory by the Allies was at a cost of 140.000 casualties. Afterwards the Germans...
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