Candy Tsai Fact File- Chechen Language
Chechen is one of the North East Caucasian languages. It is spoken by more than 1.5 billion people, mostly in Chechnya. While it is on the list of endangered languages. It is one of the difficult languages on earth and it contains lots of vowel and consonant sounds. The Chechens are a largely Muslim ethnic group that has lived for centuries in the mountainous North Caucasus region. Since at least 46 languages has spoken in Caucasus, it is one of the most ethnically differentiated regions on earth. Chechen doesn’t have their own alphabet. But after Islam was established, they used Arabic script, and Latin letters were introduced later in the mid-1920s, but none of the adapted systems were asserted itself. About twenty years later, Cyrillic replaced Latin System, and is still used in the Chechnya today. -The causes of the danger:
The Chechen was under the control of Soviet Union. During that time, people can only spoke Russians in schools, speaking Chechen was forbidden. Even though there was no official laws to ban the language. There were Communist Party Supervisors who looked out for “national tendencies”, which means the desire to speak in one’s own language. As a result, even after the Soviet Union collapsed, the destruction of Chechen cannot be recover. Since Russian remains the only official language, and all bureaucratic protocol, documents, and laws are all in Russian. The Chechen language is hard to be prosperous like it was. Furthermore, the Chechens have to use Cyrillic alphabet, which is hardly adapted to Chechen phonetics. The situation of the existence of the language is getting worse and worse over the last few years. During the long war years, many people who could pass down the literary language died, and many young people have left for Europe, where they can seldom speak the Chechen. One of the reasons that makes it become an endangered language is that,...
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