The Jamestown colony was the first permanent settlement in the New World. The settlers first arrived in Jamestown in 1607. The purposes of this colony were to look for the Lost Colony, to explore for gold, and to look for a passage to the Pacific Ocean. It was not established to simply be a colony. Jamestown settlers had to overcome many challenges and hardships to become the first permanent settlement in the New World. The three main challenges and hardships they overcame were the Native Americans, diseases, and the lack of food.
One of the very first challenges the settlers were faced with were the Native Americans. Although some Native Americans welcomed the settlers with kindness and open arms, most were wary and resentful. Many natives did not want the English settlers on their land. Indians were mad at the colonists for building where their villages used to be. The very first night, the Natives attacked. After this night, the attacks continued to go on. One of the times that a party was sent for food, they were attacked by the Indians. One day when John Smith and several colonists were hunting with the Natives, the Natives turned on them and attacked. The only settler to survive was John Smith. The werowance, or chief, of the Natives was Wahunsonacock, or Powhatan as the English settlers called him. The Jamestown colonists depended on the Natives for food. John Smith was the main settler in contact with the Natives. Therefore, he made most of the negotiations with Powhatan for food. Powhatan stopped food exchange in 1608 after Ratcliffe, who was later tortured to death for his actions, was caught foraging for food in Indian Villages. These examples show some of the challenges that the Native Americans caused for the settlers. Another challenge that the colonists faced was disease. One of the problems that contributed to diseases was the location where the colonists settled. The settlers built their village next to the James River which was very marshy....
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