Deforestation is becoming more and more popular in many countries all over the world. “Based on environment statistics, more than half of the trees in this world are gone due to human activity” (Nayak,2008), this action has been direct influences on mankind lives. Therefore, the causes and effects of deforestation is one of the most interested problems at the present time.
There are some main reasons why deforestation is happening increasingly. I have read many books, newspapers and watching some television programs mentioned about the reasons why people have done deforestation. According to Kashmira Lad, the destruction of the forests is occurring due to three main causes: the rise in population leads to the need for the acquisition of more land, the human demand of the rich and natural resources and increasing requirement for fuel and agriculture.
There are over 8,5 million hectares of tropical forest were permanently destroyed each year due to people’s poor awareness in order to construct the building and new urban area. Because of the development of urban area, the forest resources are exploited more and more uncontrollably. In Nigeria, 81% of the original forest cover was disappeared completely now, the tropical forests of Brazil are less by 90-95%, the forest areas of Central America has been reduced by two-thirds comparing with the year of 1950, and many countries such as India, China, Thailand, Indonesia,… have lost more than 50% of their forest cover. (Borade,2009). The above detail statistics make us feel surprising, but what about the effects of deforestation? According to Nathalie Fiset, the effects of deforestation can be classified into effects to the environment change, biodiversity and social settings.
The first effect of deforestation is having a much great impact on the environment change. In which, the climate change is one of the major effects. Because forests help maintain moisture in the...