The Cause and Effect of Type Ii Diabetes

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Watson 1
Nancy Watson
Mrs.Cedillos English 1301
13 February, 2012
The Cause and Effect of Type II Diabetes.
The sixth leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates since 2000 is Type II diabetes. Ninety percent of cases diagnosed of diabetes in the United States are Type II. The two main causes of type II diabetes are obesity and the lack of physical activity. Consequently, the effects of this disease range from high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, heart disease, kidney damage, amputations, blindness and even death.

Type II diabetes is a disease of choice because people have the free will to choose to overeat and they choose not to do physical activity which leads to obesity. Obesity is associated with insulin resistance. When a person is overweight, the cell in the body becomes less sensitive to the insulin that is released from the pancreas. There is evidence that fat cells are more resistant to insulin than muscle cells. If a person is overweight, they have an abundance of fat cells and less muscle cells, which make them insulin resistance. This means the glucose or sugar remains in the blood instead of being taken into the cells to be used for energy. It is not just about the weight but also where people carry the bulk of the weight. The extra weight in the mid-section or “apple shape” makes it harder to lose the fat cells and create muscle cells so the “apple-shaped” person is more likely to become diabetic.

Consequently, Type II diabetes takes its toll on almost every part of the body. The effects of Type II diabetes vary but can develop serious health conditions. This disease increases the risk Watson2

of heart attacks and strokes which are caused by clogged blood vessels. These clogged vessels also lead to abnormal cholesterol levels which are caused by a fatty diet. The long term effects of untreated Type II...
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