The Brooklyn Bridge

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The Brooklyn Bridge
After the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge in 1883, it was known as the longest bridge in the world during that time period. The bridge is also defined as the first bridge to have been built with steel wires. In addition, The Brooklyn Bridge is included among the most elegant inventions of humankind and the best architectural achievement of its period. The history of the Brooklyn Bridge is a classic written by the strength and forfeit of two brilliant engineers, John A. Roebling and son Washington Roebling. The Brooklyn Bridge was designed by John A. Roebling in 1869, and was finished in 1883. In 1855, John Roebling, who was an owner of a wire-rope company and a well known bridge designer, proposed a postponement of the Brooklyn Bridge after he became irritated by the “Atlantic Avenue Fulton Street Ferry”. A ferry which transportation that transported passengers between Brooklyn and Manhattan. According to an article titled ‘Brooklyn Bridge History”, written by John S. Babbitt, John A. Roebling was a born in Germany in 1806, during the middle of the revolution and transformation. After feeling unhappy with farming in Germany, he moved to the United States in search of a better life. However, before migrating to the U.S., John Roebling received his degree in engineering at the Civil engineering Royal polytechnic institute of Berlin in 1826. Taking that into consideration, his shift from a farmer to a leading big suspension bridge builder was not a surprise to people of his time. John A. Roebling illustrated each elements of the bridge; Starting with the bridge gigantic stone towers to its four steel wires. Although the idea of a suspension bridge over the East River was inspired by John A. Roebling impatience with the Ferry; the idea of a bridge was also due to the concern of crossing between the borough of Brooklyn and lower Manhattan during the early 1800’s. During the planning of the East River crossing, which is where the Brooklyn Bridge is located, the population of Brooklyn was about 400,000 residents which was consider rural instead of urban. However, New York City which only consisted of Manhattan contained two times as much resident than Brooklyn. That being considered, the construction of the bridge was viewed as resolutions to minimize the population in Manhattan at the same time encourage development in Brooklyn. Meaning, when the bridge is complete, it would allow people and merchandises to travel across the East River swiftly, in spite of weather conditions.

Before John A. Roebling could transform his design into reality, he had to meet with the governments of New York and Brooklyn. He met with several officials prior to building the bridge. He met with William C. Kingsley who was then a Brooklyn business man, and had a political association. Due to Kingsley‘s enthusiasm about the project, he included the support of Henry Murphy who was then the senator and former of New York State. Next, Henry Murphy sent a bill to the New York State Legislature that would permit a private corporation to construct a bridge that would attach Manhattan and Brooklyn. In 1867, taking into account that Brooklyn was going to gain the most from the bridge, it provided $ 3 million, while the city of New York offered $1.5 million.

Couple of year later in June 1869, the New York City commission and the Army Corps of Engineers permitted John A. Roebling’s plan for the bridge. In late June, while exploring locations for the (Brooklyn Tower) one of the tower that would be across the river on the Brooklyn side. Roebling’s foot was compressed on a dock by a ferry that was coming in. Due to the severity of the injury, John Roebling died of tetanus. After John A. Roebling’s death, his son Washington Roebling took over as head engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge.

The Brooklyn bridge construction started on January 3 1870 and was opened to traffic on May 24, 1883. Between 1873 and 1877, the young Washington...
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