The Breakfast Club

Topics: Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology, Reinforcement Pages: 3 (781 words) Published: November 4, 2014

HYPERLINK "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rF7jKjZV7OA" “Child Development Theorists: Freud to Erikson to Spock and Beyond” Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Psychoanalytic Theory
Id- (Present at birth) Child seeks pleasure, avoids pain, and is self-centered. Ego- (Develops at 2-3) Child understands how to satisfy the Id. [Cause + Effect] Super-Ego- (Develops at 6-7) Child understands society/family rules. “The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with one-seventh of its bulk above water.” Maria Montessori (1870-1952)

Montessori Method
Teaching hands-on activities with love and encouragement from peers. The 1st woman in Italy to become a doctor; specializing in Pediatrics and children that had been labeled ineducable. “Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.” Arnold Gesell (1880-1961)

Nature over Nurture
Believed that development happens when children are ready.
“Scientific knowledge is in perpetual evolutions it finds itself changing from one day to the next.”  
Lev Vygotsky (1896- 1934)
Nurture over Nature: 5-Step Process of Sociocultural Development Adults provide tools
Adults supervise
Adults aid and assess
Adults support
Adults guide and aid transition
“Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is thinking about a variety of things.”  
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Cognitive Development Theory
Sensorimotor (Birth-2)
- Understanding through senses and muscles.
Preoperational (2-7)
- Understanding through language and images.
Concrete Operational (7-12)
- Understands through others points of view.
Formal Operations (13-Adult)
- Understanding through abstract thinking.
“If you want to be creative, stay in part a child, with the creativity and invention that characterizes children before they are deformed by adult society.”  
Rudolf Dreikers (1897-1972)
Feeling Isolated = Misbehavior in 4 Ways
Attention
Power
Revenge
Avoidance
“It is autocratic to force, but democratic to induce compliance.”  ...
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