The Boy in Striped Pyjamas - Research

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The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a 2006 novel from the point of view of a naive young boy, written by Irish novelist John Boyne. Unlike the months of planning Boyne devoted to his other books, he said that he wrote the entire first draft of The Boy in the Striped Pajamas in two and a half days, barely sleeping until he got to the end. [1] To date, the novel has sold more than 5 million copies around the world, and was published as The Boy in the Striped Pajamas in the United States. In both 2007 and 2008 it was the best selling book of the year in Spain. It has also reached number 1 on the New York Times bestseller list, as well as in the UK, Ireland, Australia and many other countries.


Bruno Hoess: Bruno is the nine-year-old son of a Nazi Commandant. He was born on April 15th, 1934 in Berlin, Germany and has a sister named Gretel. Bruno has brown hair and is constantly made fun of because he is short for his age. He loves exploring and wants to be an explorer when he grows up. Bruno is very upset when his family moves to a place called “Out-With” because he has no friends there. He goes exploring along the fence outside his new house and finds a boy named Shmuel. The two soon become friends. Gretel Hoess: Gretel is a twelve-year-old girl who loves to play with dolls and rearrange them on her shelf. Gretel is very rude, sarcastic and bossy, especially to her brother Bruno. She tries to act more mature than she actually is which annoys her brother very much. He thinks she is a “hopeless case.” Gretel always follows the rules and believes almost everything anyone tells her. She doesn't have any friends at Out-With so she spends her time talking with Lieutenant Kotler . Shmuel: Shmuel is a nine-year-old Jewish boy who was captured by the Germans. He is The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas. Shmuel was sent to a concentration camp called “Out-With.” He is a quiet, frail, and very lonely person who spends most of his time sitting at the camp fence. Shmuel meets Bruno and they become friends. Ralph Hoess: Ralph is a commandant in the German Army. He is the father of Bruno and Gretel Hoess. Ralph is in charge of Out-With, the concentration camp outside the house they are living in. He likes to stay in his office and work. Ralph is very patriotic and does all his work for his country, Germany. Elsa Hoess: Elsa is married to Ralph Hoess. She is a very sophisticated, caring woman who despises her husband's job. Elsa is very upset with how the Nazis treat the Jews. She wants to take Bruno and Gretel back to Berlin because she thinks that Out-With is no place to raise young children. Maria: Maria is a woman who works as a maid at Bruno's home. She does all the Hoess Family's chores every day without complaining and is very dedicated to them. Maria respects Bruno's Father because he paid for her mother's healthcare. Pavel: Pavel is a kind Jewish man who works as a waiter and chef at Bruno's house. Although he is often treated with disrespect, he never complains. Pavel's only friend in the house is Bruno. Pavel cares for Bruno when he is hurt and talks with him even though he is not allowed to. Pavel is a weak man who grows weaker every day. Eventually he becomes so weak that he drops a bottle of wine on Lieutenant Kotler, who then drags Pavel out of the room and kills him. Lieutenant Kotler: Lieutenant Kotler is a Lieutenant in the Nazi Army who spends a great deal of time with the Hoess Family. He is 19 years old and very full of himself. Lieutenant Kotler enjoys talking with Gretel and is greatly disliked by Bruno. He hates Pavel very much and treats him poorly. Pavel spills wine on Lieutenant Kotler's uniform so he kills him. Lieutenant Kotler is eventually transferred to a different camp, which makes Bruno very happy.


Bruno is a nine-year-old boy growing up during World War II in Berlin with his loving family. He lives in a huge house with his parents, his twelve-year-old sister...
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