"The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense knew what they wanted. They were young. They were black. They couldn't be ignored. Their ten-point platform was just the beginning of an unforgettable period in the history of this nation's civil rights movement. By 1967 the Black Panthers had established themselves as a force to be reckoned with. Their ideas, their agenda, their fight for equality for African Americans, put these outspoken youth on the map of American politics." (Haskins) Almost 40 years ago, in 1966, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale led a revolution that was driven in response to the oppression of black people. They sought to change that. Today, thanks to their fight for civil rights, extreme risks, and development of social needs, people around the world can enjoy some of their modifications, such as free breakfast programs. The formation and movements of the Black Panther Party were directed by the F.B.I, who sought to bring every party member down; as well as their radical alliances, such as The Resistance, (which kindled the rebirth of the party during hard times), and the brave women who joined the party, such as Afeni Shakur, stood up for their rights in a time in which Americas looked down on women as less than equals helped their cause. The original Black Panther Party had six members, and grew to thousands all over the world. "The Black Panther Party climbed center stage on the world scene searing Americans race relations with its bold, in-your-face stance."(Haskins). They developed a 10-point program that all members had to abide by. Their ten-point program covered their plan for an economic black reform. These ten points included: 1.
We want freedom. We want power to determine the destiny of our black and oppressed communities. 2.
We want full employment of our people.
We want an end to the robbery by the capitalists of our black and oppressed communities. 4.
We want decent housing, fit for the shelter of human beings. 5.
We want decent education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society. We want education that teaches us our true history and our and our role in the present day society. 6.
We want completely free health care for all black and oppressed people. 7.
We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people, other people of color, all oppressed people inside the United States. 8.
We want an immediate end to all wars of aggression.
We want freedom for all black and oppressed people now held in the U.S federal state, county, city, military prisons and jails. We want trials by a jury of peers for all persons charged with so-called crimes under the laws of this country. 10.
We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace and peoples community control of modern technology. (BPP.org)
"On the streets, the Black Panther Party developed a series of social programs, which provided services to needy blacks and poor people. The first program was called the Free Breakfast Program for Children" (BPP.org), which allowed all children to receive free breakfast every morning. This program spread to every major city in America. But, even these great things wouldn't achieve the main goal of the party; they needed something to put them on the map; they needed the police. FBI directors did not see the Panthers as a threat at first, but in the party's prime they became known as "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country,"(F.B.I director). "Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale's insistence that they be allowed to patrol black neighborhoods with firearms immediately involved them in violent confrontations with the police." (Conlin). The F.B.I soon began planning extreme measures to shut the Black Panther Party down, as well as all of its members. On June 5th James Meredith started a March Against Fear from Memphis to Jackson to protest against racism. After police shot him down, the revolution took a turning point....
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