The biological model of abnormality views abnormalities as medical illnesses. The abnormalities are believed to be caused by genetic inheritance, evolution, prenatal exposure, viral infections, or injuries to the brain tissue that affect the brain structure and chemistry. Also, it is believed that hormone levels and other levels of chemicals can cause the neurotransmitters to perform improperly which can lead to a mental disorder. Due to many advances in the medical field most of these disorders can be treated with medications such as anti-anxiety, anti-depressive, anti-bipolar, anti –psychotic drugs. Although there have been many advances due to research and discoveries the biological model is often criticized due to the majority of the research being tested on animals. The medications can also cause undesirable side effects that can actually cause more complications for the patients. Another criticism is that all people respond differently to the medications. There is not a one size fits all when it comes to medicating people with mental disorders.
The Psychodynamic Model:
The psychodynamic model was developed by Sigmund Freud and it suggest that all human behavior is caused by underlying psychological forces that interact with each other to cause ones thoughts, emotions and behaviors. This theory suggests that nothing is accidental that all behavior is caused by past experiences. Freud believed in three internal forces, the id, the ego, and the superego. Together these internal forces identified and help shape personalities. Freud also suggested that our development and behavior occurred in stages. Psychodynamic therapy includes many techniques to uncover past experiences to uncover the internal conflicts. The goal is to uncover, identify and resolve the internal conflict so the patient can move on and develop normally. There seems to be many different beliefs when it comes to the self-ego. Some of the theorists view the ego as...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document