The Biological and Cultural Forces That Differentiate Males and Females

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Ewa Strumidlo
12/3/12
Origins of human nature
The Biological and Cultural Forces That Differentiate
Males and Females
Culture and biology is very important while comparing males and females. Everyone is different but we all came from the same place and all evolved together. Males and females both have different unique characteristics that will benefit them in the long run. There are also a lot of similarities that connect males and females together. Although there is a lot of hate and aggression in the world, but that’s the way we will stay alive. We need to defend our own gender and human nature. As the world continues to change and society’s expectations change, more similarities and differences between males and females with arise. Evolutionary theories

There are many mysteries involving the differences between male and females but before these mysteries came about, we wondered about how he got here and how we developed into such a great species. One of the theories that came about is theories about chimps and how closely related we are to them. According to Diamond our DNA is ninety six percent similar to the DNA of chimps. DNA is made up of two chains that is different in everyone but is carried from parent to offspring and most of our DNA correlates to the DNA of chimps, so that means that we came from chimps but got better with time. Our blood is the same blood that chimps possess. For example, according to Diamond our principal hemoglobin, this is the oxygen-carrying protein that gives blood its red color, is identical to chimp’s hemoglobin. Although we are so closely related to chimps, there are many differences also.

Chimps are very smart and using tools and creating them was one of their characteristics. Although the tools were not that great, they knew how to hunt for food with aggression. Unlike humans, chimps did not walk upright neither did they use tools to hunt animals. Chimps are still around but the theory of natural selection was critical in our speices. Every species has their own characteristics and individuals within their own species were all different with unique traits. Humans have more characteristics that make us fit for survival and that is why we are on top of the food chain.

There are many levels of human nature that got us where we are now. According to diamond there was a great leap forward where humans evolved to be much more fit than any other species. According to diamond there were three changes that changed our species forever. The first change was walking upright because being able to walk upright made us stronger and hunting would become easier. The second change that happened was our connection with chimps split into two species. The last change that occurred was the constant use of tools and creating tools. We learned to create tools that no other species would have ever known how to do, or even know that it was possible. Sex identity

There are many differences between males and females but first you have to know and feel that you are one of them. Culture plays a big part in this concept of sex identity. When you are born; you are born either a female or male, and your parents know your gender. While knowing your gender they buy you things that correspond with your gender. According to Fausto-Sterling when a mother knows that she will have a little girl when she gives birth, she will most likely buy pink clothes, dolls, and stuffed animals that are pink or girly. Parents try to rear their child to be more like their gender. With time and growing, the children with learn to differentiate males from females, voices, and things that each gender does and don’t do. According to Fausto-sterling in one study eighteen to two year olds identified different things that would belong to males and different things that would belong to females. This study concluded that boys usually looked at the trucks and hammers rather than looking at girly things such as dolls. “In...
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