The Big Bang, Creationism and Evolution

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Since the dawn of man, humans have striven to explain the many mysteries of the universe, and to explain how it began. Throughout this journey, numerous standpoints on existence have evolved and merged into a complex, abstract manifestation called religion. However, as the human race has grown and advanced itself, many ideas expressed by religion seem less and less plausible. Advances in science and technology have yielded a new breed of human thought that has disturbed and shaken the foundations of religious ideology. Our new, scientifically grounded understanding of the universe has unfolded a plethora of answers to age-old questions, which oppose the explanations offered by religion. As strong scientific evidence has surfaced which is contrary to the prevailing religious view, open-minded believers have adapted their beliefs accordingly, but many fundamentalists refuse to accept scientific evidence. This is the root of the dilemma between science and religion. Many scientists and theists have offered their views concerning the ongoing battle between the scientific ‘big bang’ theory and the religious creation stories. The Big Bang theory is the major scientific theory about the origin of the universe. According to this theory, the universe was created between 10 billion and 20 billion years ago from a cosmic explosion that sent matter flying in all directions, consequently creating the universe. Before the Big Bang, every part of the universe was tightly compacted together during a very dense phase. When the explosion occurred, every particle of all that our universe consists of shot out in every direction in that one instant. It is believed that the universe expanded rapidly in its first microseconds, but then slowed, a process called inflation. This process explains how the universe appears similar to a type of flat space. However, we see only a tiny region of the original universe, so we don't notice the curvature. The inflationary universe also shows why the universe appears so uniform. If the universe we observe was inflated from some small, original region, it isn’t surprising that it looks consistent. At about 10,000 years after the Big Bang, the temperature had fallen so much that massive particles began to take form in the universe, rather than the light and other radiation alone. This change in the form of the main matter density meant that the gravitational forces between the massive particles could begin to take effects. This means that if any kind of small disturbance occurred, the density of these particles would increase. About 100,000 years after the Big Bang, the temperature of the universe had dropped enough that electrons and protons were able to combine into hydrogen atoms. This stage is known as nucleosynthesis. “Also, the bulk of helium and deuterium in the universe today was created during this period…thus all theories about the origin of the universe, must correlate to the amount of helium and deuterium we measure today” (Fox, 2002, 178). Roughly eight billion years after the Big Bang, our solar system formed. A large gaseous cloud called the solar nebula (with a mass two to three times of our Sun) was disturbed, possibly by a nearby supernova. The push resulted in the gravitational force taking over and causing the cloud to collapse. As it collapsed, angular momentum caused it to spin faster, thereby becoming warmer. As the forces of gravity, gas pressure, magnetic fields, and rotation acted on it, the nebula began to flatten into a proto-planetary disk. The cloud of dust and gas making up this disk gave rise to the various planets. The inner area was very warm, so mostly metals form the planets nearest the center. The big bang theory seems to make perfect scientific sense. But what would cause anyone to doubt it? The answer to that question is the belief in God and creationism. (Fox, 2002, 175-179). To best explain the theory of creationism it is best to simply state what is said in the...
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