The Best Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Psychology 2 / Mr. Terrell
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral syndrome characterized by inattention and distractibility, restlessness, inability to sit still and difficulty concentration on one thing for any period of time states Lotha (2006). She also explains the numbers of the diagnoses are increasing annually and according to the Issues & Controversies Database (2005), “Most experts estimate that the disorder affects between 3% and 5% of American schoolchildren, although some say that the figure may be as high as 11% or higher.” This diagnosis was started to be viewed as an official condition until the 1950’s and scientists labeled it attention deficit disorder (ADD) in the year 1980. Branching out the conditions in 1987, researchers discovered ADHD is an independent attention disorder that related to ADD (2006). Study on this diagnosis continues along with the study of its treatments bringing a label of controversy to the name of ADHD and its solutions. Scientists think ADHD occurs in part because certain receptors in the brain involved in focusing attention and reining in impulsiveness fail to respond to the brain's natural chemicals, dopamine and norepinephrine. The interactions between the chemicals and the receptors help most of us stick with tedious chores like balancing the checkbook (they also prevent most of us from blurting out spontaneous observations about the boss's ideas). Medications like Ritalin are thought to increase those chemicals and to stimulate the inhibitory receptors, producing the odd result of a stimulant drug's acting to increase inhibition. Brink explains the drugs enter the body quickly and leave just as quickly, curing nothing but letting a child focus on the important work of learning (1998). Ritalin, which has a calming effect on people with ADHD, is given to students in the hopes that the drug will help them better focus...
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