The Benefits and Problems of Migration in the UK

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Should the UK Government control migration?
Some believe that it is necessary to control migration in the UK, as they believe that too many immigrants could lead to overpopulation, unemployment and housing shortages. It is commonly believed that migration should be controlled, as migrants ‘come over to our country and take our benefits’; however this is not necessarily factually correct. This essay aims to discuss the benefits and problems of migration in the UK, and make a conclusion based on the evidence I have discussed, about whether migration should or should not be controlled by the UK Government.

The UK’s post-war immigrants came mainly from Colonies in the Caribbean, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. An act of parliament meant all Commonwealth citizens could get free entry into the UK, and the first immigrants brought into the UK docked at Tilbury in June 1948. It is estimated that during the 1950’s and 1960’s over a quarter of a million immigrants came from the Caribbean, and the same number from what had been the Indian Empire. By 1971, there were over 1 million immigrants from Commonwealth countries, and therefore by the 1970’s, the UK had more than enough labour, and controls were introduced to reduce the migrant arrivals. Since the 1970’s the immigration of New Commonwealth citizens has been subject by some form of government control. In the late 1990’s the economic situation in the UK began to change, and a period of economic boom saw the country short of labour once again. This time, the search for willing workers turned to Eastern Europe. In 2004 East European states of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the EU. Since then, many of their citizens have come to work in the UK. In 2008 the UK government introduced a points system, whereby in order to enter the UK, you must gain so many points on your knowledge of the country. Visas are also used more widely now in order to allow someone...
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