The article written by Adam Liptak, “Is the Group Responsible for the Individual’s Crime?” described the case of the Pakistani Army and the tribal elders near the Afghan border. In order to save their town, it was decided that the elder should “turn over 72 men wanted for sheltering AL Qaeda Members” (p17). This decision of is commonly used throughout the world, especially when it comes to military actions. This is what we call collective sanctions. A sanction by definition is a social control to enforce society’s standards. Thus, in order to maintain the orderly nation, collective sanctions are necessary.
People value group identity, so it is the group’s responsibility to parent the individual members. People are always in a part to a group because people lived a life that circles around what we called “group life”. People are always a member of a family, school, or a society. We people have learned that individual should share the responsibility of others in our groups because not only problems can be solved more easily, but also that we all share a responsibility to watch over the others. For example, in a Chinese family, constituted of brothers, the elder are punished for whatever that younger brother did wrong because it’s his responsibility to watch over the young ones and not allowing them to do wrong.. This is yet another example of collective sanctioning.
The use of collective sanctions is a good idea for a nation to proper function. Liptak quotes that “Group members might be punished not because they are in an advantageous position to identify, monitor, and control responsible individuals, and can be motivated by threat of sanction to do so.” A prefect example would be the offer that President Bush made to the Afghanistan, where he said “the Taliban will hand over the terrorists, or they will share their fate.” This is the use of collective sanction. Since the Untied States of America can not find out the individual’s crime, and may have...
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