Long before man could record history, people were sculpting free standing figures out of bones rocks and other objects. It is said that sculpting is the art of the people, and it is a more powerful art than literature and painting because it can be touched and felt. When a sculpture is in a gallery our attention is sustained by an intensified visual engagement. This is what makes its fixed shape come alive in the viewer’s eyes.
Before the 20th century, sculpture was considered a representational art; but its scope has now been extended to include nonrepresentational forms. Sculpting has evolved over many years and it has long been accepted that the forms of functional three – dimensional objects such as furniture, pots, and buildings can also be seen as expressive and beautiful without being any way representational. The art of sculpture has changed over the years and continues to grow everyday as seen through architecture and structural design.
Sculpting as an art form goes back to the pre historic times. Sculpting was used in rituals and community gatherings, and has made a huge impact in people’s values and beliefs. During the 4th century, most people did not know how to read or write and therefore needed visual artifacts that they could embrace. Leaders of that time turned to sculptures which were then displayed in public squares, outside schools, and basically anywhere that people could see and embrace them every day.
The history of sculpting would not be complete if religion was not mentioned as a heavy influence. Sculpture is often an expression of religion and has been central in religious devotion in many cultures. Religious leaders told stories and often taught people about their beliefs through pictures and sculptures. In Catholic cathedrals sculptures are intended to testify the permanent presence of the sacred persons who support the church of God until the end of time. Without the influence of religion; it is very possible that the art of sculpting would not have had as strong of an impact as it has today.
Sculpting is meant to inspire people and show significance in history through a timeless piece of greatness. It reflects a vision of what the artist is thinking and it is a form of expression where the artist turns a basic idea into reality. It starts off with an idea of some sort and then the artist gradually shows what he or she is trying to express through their sculpture. For example, sculptures of great wars and military figures that are seen in many cities around the world are used to inspire people and bring pride and patriotism to the masses in every country.
There are many different types of sculptures that artists use to bring forth their ideas. There are free standing sculptures which are sculptures that you can view in a full 360 degree range. Unlike a painting or drawing, which only evokes a third dimension on a two dimensional surface, sculptures actually exist in three dimensional forms.
Two other types of sculptures are sound and light sculptures. The sculpting of an object that produces sound of any sort is what this type of sculpting caters to. This type of sculpting is usually done by composers or visual artists. Light sculpting is the sculpting of any type of object or picture of light. These sculptures are done to inspire thinking and creativity through sounds and light. Jewellery is another form of sculpting. Necklaces, rings, earrings and bracelets are all made through a form of sculpting. This type of sculpting brings forth beauty which attracts consumers to buy these elegant pieces of art and wear them.
There are many different variations of sculpting in regards to the materials that can be used. Sculptures can be made from stone, wood, clay, metal, wax and ivory. The process of sculpting with stone while more difficult; is the same as in wood. The stone or wood would be carved using a knife or a mallet to chisel away bits of the...