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The Art and Science of Teaching

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The Art and Science of Teaching

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  • November 2005
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Teaching is considered both an art and a science. The science of teaching includes philosophy, classroom management, methodologies, techniques, and psychology. The art of teaching encompasses those steps or approaches taken in the day to day classroom, in other words, how students are handled. Students working towards the goal of becoming a teacher, especially as a graduate student, may become overwhelmed at times by the amount of information that is presented. One must learn the history of education in the United States, the keys to successful classroom management, determine an educational philosophy, the variety of curriculum, the laws that affect teaching and the list continues. I believe it is difficult to determine where the "art" aspect of teaching ends and the "science" aspect begins. While learning more regarding teaching, my favorite quote has become "…the teacher assists the mind to deliver itself the ideas, knowledge, and understanding." (Adler, n.d.) Back in 1640, the Massachusetts Puritans hired the first American teachers to teach the basic reading, writing, and arithmetic skills that children would need to serve a democratic society. Over the past 360 years, the art of teaching has taken on much greater significance in our society and has become a great deal more challenging. In public school classrooms across the country you find students who are rich, poor, intellectually gifted, intellectually challenged, physically disabled, frightened, confident, inconsiderate, abused, selfish, compassionate, kind and some striving to learn the English language. In these same classrooms you will find teachers who serve as wonderful role models for these children. Teachers who consistently work to find the best in each of their students providing love and encouragement while preparing them academically for life in the 21st century. I believe the most important aspect of the science of teaching is classroom management. I once classified it as...

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