AP US History – 5
August 6th, 2011
The Arrival of Two Philosophies in Colonial Society
Throughout the course of human history, it is certain that motivated groups of people have gone to bold extremes behind personal zeal and wishful impulses. The New World prior to 1700 was a very favorable refuge for people with this nature, as it was a vast and ungoverned landmass that, with the exception of defensive aboriginals, lacked formidable security against exploitation. In 1607, a modest group of English descendants arrived upon the shore of Jamestown, Virginia, bearing with them a persistent drive toward gold, prosperity, and a prospective foundation for new society. In 1620, a pious group of English separatists arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in search of religious freedom following the degeneracy and greed that had proliferated in the Anglican Church. Regardless of their colonial destinies, the fundamental motivations behind both settlements became very prevalent as a variety of English people fled to the New World in the 15th century. By 1700, despite the population’s common English descent, two distinct societies emerged. The Chesapeake region became prominently characterized by men whose enthusiasm was structured toward prosperity and land exploitation, while New England was occupied by religious separatists whose societal objectives circulated around a close-knit community based on moral, economic, and religious unity.
When King Charles I succeeded the English throne in 1625, he exerted firm religious jurisdiction and continued to embellish the already corrupted Anglican Church: an incident of which the Puritans loathed. This inspired a mass Puritan movement into the New World, also known as the Great Migration. On the Arbella, a Puritan escape vessel, the objective of society in Massachusetts was profoundly articulated by John Winthrop in A Model of Christian Charity. In it, he wrote: “We must delight in each other,...