Disaster of Aral Sea
The Aral Sea was once the fourth largest inland sea in the world. About, a million years ago from now the northwestern part of Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan were covered by a massive inland sea. This sea was formed when all the waters retreated from a big land; they left a broad plain that contained highly saline soil. Due to the retreating of water many ancient remains were disappeared. The only remnant that remained was a big inland sea which was the Aral Sea. The Aral Sea was an inland salt water sea, one odd thing about this sea is, there was no channels connected to the sea. There were two different rivers that feed into the Aral Sea which are the Amu Darya River that flows down from Pamir Mountain and the other one is Syr Parya that flows from Tian Shan Mountains. The fresh water from these two rivers keeps the water of Aral Sea and the slat levels in perfect balance.
The first one who pulled the trigger that started the disaster of Aral Sea was the soviet central government. In 1960 decided to make the Soviet Union to be self-sufficient in cotton and to increase the production of rice. To carry on with their plan the government of Soviet Union ordered to people to take out additional amount of water needed from the 2 rivers that was currently feeding into the Sea. Maybe that time they couldn’t think of other source to take out water t use, but because of their decision they created a problem in Aral Sea that could never be fixed. Also from that time the people who lived near the Aral Sea that could never be fixed. Also from that time the people who lived near the Aral Sea had to suffer because the fishes and other organic lives started to face a disaster that might not have any solution a “DISTINCTION”. Dams that were built by the Soviet Union across the 2 rivers for irrigation also had some affect on salinity, notably by reduction of its variability with the season’s smaller lakes within the Aral sea that have stopped being fed by river flow tend to have higher salinity due to evaporation, causing a lot of fish to die. Before the soviet central union government made the decision to put out water from the 2 rivers the actual Aral Sea was a rich source of fish. About 20 species were identified by the biologists from the sea, including sturgeon and catfish. The town of Muynak, located on the edge of the sea, was a fishing town that attracted a lot of travelers all around the word to its seaside visits. But, as a result of the soviet central government decision, today Muynak is a desert town more than a hundred kilometers from the sea. The only remains in the town are lot of ships that is in a process of rusting and some ancient fish plant.
At first they consumed it was a temporary condition and dredged a canal to the retreating shore so boats could continue to sail the sea and still dock at the wharves. But the effluents that did reach the sea were laced with a deadly mix of salt and pesticides from the cotton fields. Fish populations fluctuated and eventually when the canal was 30 km long and the sea continued to move away, the boats were then abandoned to sail on the sea anymore. The drinking water supplies have sea interrupted, and the water is contaminated with pesticides and other agricultural chemicals as well as bacteria and viruses. The farms in the area near use some highly toxic pesticides and other harmful chemicals. For decades, these chemicals have been deposited into the Aral Sea was lost water, the climate has become extreme. Also when the wind blows across the dried up Sea, it carries dust containing toxic chemicals. So, a centuries old way of life has disappeared in decades. The vast area of exposed seabed is laced with pesticides. It’s estimated that 75 million tons of toxic dust and salts are spread across central Asia each year. If the Aral Sea dries up completely, 15 billion tons of salt will be left behind. Evaporation is another cause of pollution in Aral Sea....
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