Apartheid in South Africa
South Africa is one of the most well known countries in the massive continent of Africa. Located on the southern tip of Africa, it contains many great cities, including Cape Town and Johannesburg, and landforms, such as Table Mountain and the Kalahari Desert. The people today live with good confidence and proud to live in one of the most successful African countries, but the past is a whole different topic. Whites wanted to develop separately from blacks and colored people, thus starting apartheid in 1948. Apartheid, which was started by white European settlers, is considered by many to be one of the worst eras in the history of not only South Africa, but also the entire continent. It induced harsh laws in favor of white minority rule. Under the policy both South Africans and the world responded, and after over four decades of crisis, apartheid ended in 1994. “South Africa was colonized by the English and Dutch in the seventeenth century. The discovery of diamonds in the colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal from the English invasion started the Boer War. South Africa soon gained independence from England, but there was a struggle for a ‘sharing of power’ in the country between the white Europeans and the black South Africans.” (Stanford.edu) The policy of apartheid, or separate developing, was started in 1912. It wasn’t a big development in its first couple of decades. However, in 1950, the real crisis began with absurd laws that ruined the lives of blacks everywhere in South Africa. Apartheid had two main views, pro-apartheid and anti-apartheid. Pro-apartheid was the white point of view. They wanted this policy to be used because they thought they should develop separately from blacks and colored. Going deeper into that, white’s opinion on the other colored peoples was that they were not as “fully developed” as them. Whites also compared Black Nationalism to communism.
One of the main features of this policy was that blacks...
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