Ancient World Wonders
The Ancient Seven Wonders of the World reflected the ability of the men to change the nature in order to build wonderful and beautiful structures which amaze and inspire people. It is believed that these constructions of classical antiquity were constructed since 2700 B.C. but, unfortunately, only one of the wonders mentioned by Herodotus has survived until today: The Pyramids of Giza. However, the Ancient Seven Wonders list included: The Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, The Colossus of Rhodes, The Lighthouse of Alexandria, The Mausoleum of Maussollos, The Temple of Artemis. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
It is also known as the Great Pyramid of Khufu or the Great Pyramid of the pharaoh Cheops. It is the only one of the seven ancient wonders still remaining to our days and one of the most famous tourist attractions in the modern world. The Pyramid is located in the Giza Necropolis very near Cairo, the capital of Egypt. The total mass of the great pyramid is estimated around 5.9 million tons and its volume is approximately 2.6 million cubic meters. The great pyramid was surfaced by white casing stones and blocks of highly polished white limestone; therefore the original monument shine brightly with the sun as a jewel. It is a great testimony of perfection in design and construction that ancient Egyptian reached. Many people consider still Giza as a spiritual and energetic place; therefore tourists visit Giza all the time attracted by the mystical aspect of the Great Pyramid. Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The first of the seven wonders being constructed after The Great Pyramids of Giza were the Hanging gardens of Babylon in present day Iraq. Babylon was a great city famed for its imposing city walls and the monument known as the tower of Babel. Under the conquering of the king Nebuchadnezzar Babylon attained the peak of its power. This biblical king has become legendary not only as a great general but also as a builder. It`s said that Gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar to please his wife Amytis, who had been longing for the trees and exotic plants of her homeland in Persia. Greek historian named Diodorus Siculus tells that the gardens were around 400 feet wide by 400 feet long and almost 80 feet high. Garden´s height is very controversial, since Herodotus said it was 320 feet high, but this point seems too exaggerated. Other source described the hanging gardens as follows: "The Hanging Garden has plants cultivated above ground level, and the roots of the trees are embedded in an upper terrace rather than in the earth. The whole mass is supported on stone columns... Streams of water emerging from elevated sources flow down sloping channels... These waters irrigate the whole garden saturating the roots of plants and keeping the whole area moist. Hence the grass is permanently green and the leaves of trees grow firmly attached to supple branches... This is a work of art of royal luxury and its most striking feature is that the labor of cultivation is suspended above the heads of the spectators". So according to this information, we can see that the approach to the Gardens sloped like a hillside and several parts of structure rose from one tier on another. It was thickly planted with trees of every kind, pleasure to every spectator. The water machines raised the water, in great abundance from the river, although no one outside could see it. Fruits and Flowers, waterfalls, gardens hanging from the palace terraces… exotic animals – this is the picture of The Hanging gardens of Babylon in most people minds. It may be surprising to know that they might have never existed. Some scholars argue that the reason that there`s no record of them is precisely because they were gardens – plants and flowers are living creatures that eventually die. Earthquakes and time destroyed the Gardens, that`s why we can`t see it now, but the ruins can be found today in present-day Iraq....
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