The Analysis of Symbol in Tess of the D’urbervilles

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The Analysis of Symbol in Tess of the D’Urbervilles

Tomas Hardy is an controversial writer in the era of Victorian,his life span stretches  over two centuries. In view of the influence of family life and the background of education, Hardy is aware of many ancient Greek fair tales and biblical stories. In his representative fiction, Tess of The D’Urbervilles, Hardy used different types of symbols to expose the tragic destiny of Tess, just as the famous word which Hamlet says “Frailty, thy name is woman.” Therefore, the whole symbols in this novel make immense effect on digging the deep meaning of Tess of The D'Urbervilles. My thesis will lay stress upon some characteristic symbols to argue about religious ideology and social significance.

1. The symbol of carriage
It's obviously that the symbol of carriage appears from the beginning of Tess to the end. A point which must be mentioned is that the carriage originally dates back to a Greek myth. This myth talks about a carriage with curse. In this story, there is a beautiful princess, but the king is told that if anybody married with his daughter, he would die. For this reason, the king asks everyone who wants to make a proposal to princess to race carriage with him. Consequently, he will kill them unless they get a triumph. Many participator is murdered expect a man, because of the god's support, this power let him win the race and the king fall dead at last. The carriage in the Greek fair tale is an evil symbol that is in the name of curse to exist. It is also stands for misfortune and death. In the basis of this Greek myth, we haven't any difficulty in discovering carriage has a close relationship with Tess's tragic fate. Firstly, Tess fell asleep on her way to market, so something terrible happened, the harness was entangled with an object which blocks the way. As a result, Princess, her father's poor horse was killed. Due to this accident, her family lost their sole source of income. Tess had to ask...
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