William shakespeare was born in 1564 in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwichshire, England. There is no definite record of his birth but his baptism was recorded by the church, thus his birthday is assumed to be 23 of April. Shakespeare , the son of John shakespeare, a successful trademan, and of Mary Arden. Shakespeare attended King Edward VI Grammar School, which may have provided education in Latin grammar and literature. In 1582, he married Anne Hathaway, who was 26 and had three children with her. Around 1590 he left his family behind and traveled to london to work as an actor and playwright.ýndeed, the late 1590s are known as Shakespeare's "Lost Years" because no evidence has survived to show exactly where he was or why he left Stratford for London. Shakespeare eventually become the most popular playwright in England and was involved the company, Lord of Chamberlain's Men, also he was one of the shareholder in the company. His career bridged the reigns of Elizabeth I(ruled 1558-1603) and James I(ruled 1603-1625); he was a favorite of both monarchs. Indeed, James granted shakespeare's company the greatest possible compiment by devoting them with the status of Kýng's players. In his early years, Shakespeare wrote history plays such as Richard II, Richard III, Henry IV, King John, and Romeo and Juliet for tragedy and The Gentlemen of Verona, The Comedy of Errors, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Merchant of Venice,Loves's Labor's Lost as comedy. At the turn of the century shakespeare wrote his great romantic comedies, As You Like It, Twelfth Night, and Much Ado About Nothing. The next decade was period of great tragedies: Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, King Lear and Antony and Cleopatra.In l his late years, he wrote The Winter's Tale and Tempest. Shakespeare retired to Stratford and died in 1616 at the age of fiftytwo. 2.SHAKESPEARE'S REPUTATION
Shakespeare has had enormous
influence on culture throughout the world. His works have helped shape the literature of all English-speaking countries. Shalespeare also contributed greatly to the development of the english language. Many words and phrases from Shakespeare's plays and poems have become part of our everyday speech. For exmaple; Shakespeare originated such familiar phrases as fair play, a foregone conclusion, catch cold and lonely. Shakespeare's genius as a poet enabled him to express an idea both briefly and colorfully. In his tragedy Othello, for example, he described jealousy as " the green-eyed monster which doth mock the it feedson". Shakespeare has also affected other aspects of culture. His plays and poems have long been a requried part of liberal education. As a result, Shalespeare' ideas on such subjects as heroism, romentic love and the nature of tragedy have helped shape the attitudes of millions of people. 3.HIS PLAYS
A number of Shakespeare plays have the reputation of being among the greatest in English language and literature. His plays consist of tragedy, history and comedy and heve been translated into every language. His plays begins with his histories and comedies of the 1590s. Shakespeare's earliest plays tended to be adaptations of other playwright's works and employed blank verse and little variety in rhythm. However, after the Black Plague forced Shakespeare and his company of actors to leave London for periods between 1592 to 1594, Shakespeare began to use rhymed couplets in his plays, along with more dramatic dialogue. These elements showed up in Taming of the Shrew and A Midsummer Night's Dream. Almost all of the plays written after the plague hit London are comedies, perhaps reflecting the public's desire at the time for light-hearted fare. Other comedies from this time period include Much Ado About Nothing, The Merry Wives of Windsor, and As You Like It. For the next few years, Shakespeare would produce his most famous dramas, including Macbeth, Hamlet, and King Lear. The plays during this...