Of Technology, Owerri Nigeria
Iyama Anthony Oyem
University Of Port Harcourt
Rivers State, Nigeria
Pipeline companies face governmental regulation constraints, environmental constraints and social constraints in their day-to-day operations. These constraints may define the minimum staff from community to be employed, staff training requirements, adherence to operational safety, the environment impact assessment, environmental degradation through oil spillages,(depletion of aquatic lives) adherence to memorandum of understanding, community empowerment scheme, oil theft/sabotage, award of contract etc. These constraints and many others sometimes stand as a bottleneck in pipeline transportation of crude oil.
Transportation of crude oil through the pipelines remain one of the most economical way of moving large quantity of crude oil from one place to another, not minding the bottleneck associated with it. It is also more effective and affect lives in many ways.
In swamp area of Nigerian Agip Oil Company limited, they operate three types of pipeline functions.
(a) Gathering pipelines:- these are interconnected pipeline forming complex network with the purpose of bringing crude oil from several nearby wellheads to flow stations. In these group, pipeline are usually short, a couple of hundred meters, with smaller diameters, example 4 inches and 6 inches respectively.
(b) Transportation pipelines are mainly long pipes with longer diameter moving crude oil from flow stations to terminal mostly fourteen (14), eighteen (18), twenty four (24) inches respectively.
(c) Trunk lines: These are pipelines that connect the terminal to loading bay with diameter of 36 inches.
The crude oil pipelines transportation from... [continues]
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(2010, 08). The Analysis and the Prevention of the Bottleneck in Crude Oil Transportation: a Case Study of Nigerian Agip Oil Compnay Limited Swamp Area. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 08, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Analysis-And-The-Prevention-Of-377254.html
"The Analysis and the Prevention of the Bottleneck in Crude Oil Transportation: a Case Study of Nigerian Agip Oil Compnay Limited Swamp Area" StudyMode.com. 08 2010. 08 2010 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Analysis-And-The-Prevention-Of-377254.html>.
"The Analysis and the Prevention of the Bottleneck in Crude Oil Transportation: a Case Study of Nigerian Agip Oil Compnay Limited Swamp Area." StudyMode.com. 08, 2010. Accessed 08, 2010. http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Analysis-And-The-Prevention-Of-377254.html.