Introduction to Cultural Anthropology 101
When you hear the culture Amish, what is the first thing to come to mind? Is it the horse-and- buggy? Or not having any electric? The Amish live a very interesting life. Imagine living a life not having television, wearing the clothing you make, and having to do your own farming. They live a life far different from our lives in today’s society. The Amish culture’s primary mode of subsistence is Horticultural. “Horticulture is a non-mechanized, non-intensive form of plant cultivation performed non-repetitively on a plot of land; in contrast, agriculture is intensive cultivation using irrigation, fertilizers, and possibly plows repetitively on a plot of land. Whereas foragers are food collectors, horticulturalists and pastoralists (people who domesticate animals) are food producers. Horticulturalists differ from foragers in their dependence on domesticated plants for most of their food energy. Horticulturalists may still collect wild foods and hunt even as they cultivate, but by and large their sustenance depends on domesticated plants (Nowak & Laird.2010).” They live their life by depending on their hunting skills and their surroundings. As I would call it, they are “living off the land.” They produce everything they eat and make. They feed and raise the sources of meat they eat. For clothing, they using the sheep’s wool, that they got themselves. Everything they do, they do by themselves. Being a Horticulturalist has an effect on everything you do. For the Amish it affects everything they do. The first is their beliefs and values. Their belief is in self- study through God. They believe in strongly studying the Bible. Their values are that they make and do everything by hand. A great example is ”The Amish typically Emphasize the importance of humility, modesty, strong obedience to God, and social conformity- and abhor pride, social snobbery, individualism,...
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