Alice Ly Wilson
APUSH 6th February 18, 2013
Chapter 20 Outline
The New Manifest Destiny American attention shifted to foreign lands because of the “closing of the frontiers.” This led to a fear that natural resources would dwindle and alternate sources must be found. Politicians urged an aggressive foreign policy as an outlet for frustrations that would destabilize domestic life. Foreign trade was becoming popular. Senator Albert J. Beveridge:” Today, we are raising more than we can consume. Today, we are making more than we can use. Therefore, we must find new markets for our produce, new occupation for our capital, new work for our labor.” Imperialist fever raged through Europe, the far east, and Chinese Empire. America feared of being left out. Social Darwinism was applied to world affairs. john Fiske predicted: “the english speaking peoples will control every land that was not already the seat of an established civilization. Josiah Strong’s Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis (1885) states AngloSaxon “race” represented liberty, Christianity and should spread them; John Burgess wrote that duty of AS to uplift less fortunate people. Alfred Thayer Mahan wrote in The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890) that countries with sea power were the great nations of history. US needed to have foreign commerce, merchant marine, navy to defend routes, and colonies to provide raw materials and bases claim Pacific Islands, Hawaii. Hemispheric Hegemony James G. Blaine created the first PanAmerican Congress which attracted delegates from nineteen nations. the delegates agreed to create a Pan American Union: a weak international organization that served as a clearing house for distributing information to member nations. They rejected Blaine’s proposal for inter American customs union and arbitration procedures for hemispheric disputes. The Cleveland Administration supported Venezuela in a dispute w/ Greate...
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