The American Civil War (1861–1865)

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The American Civil War (1861–1865), also known as the War Between the States (among other names), was a civil war in the United States of America. There are many reasons for causing this war but the 2 most of those were, Sectionalism refers to the different economies, social structure, customs and political values of the North and South. It increased steadily between 1800 and 1860 as the North, which phased slavery out of existence, industrialized, urbanized and built prosperous farms, while the deep South concentrated on plantation agriculture based on slave labour, together with subsistence farming for the poor whites. The South expanded into rich new lands in the Southwest (from Alabama to Texas). However, slavery declined in the border states and could barely survive in cities and industrial areas , so a South based on slavery was rural and non-industrial.. On the other hand the Southerners, in order to run their large cotton plantations, depended a lot on slaves. Slavery had been a way of life in Southern America, since two hundred years. It was even accepted under the state as well as federal laws. But, post the flourishing of the industries in the North, people developed many modern ideas and became totally against slavery. This did not go well with the Southerners, and an environment of hostility was created between the two, leading to the American Civil War. Slavery: because of slavery, African Americans were discriminated against in the United States. In reality, southern slaves were often treated better than some northern factory workers. Because of the movement to stop slavery (the abolitionist movement) southerners concluded that all or most northerners were against them and wanted to destroy their way of life. Southerners developed the illusion that all northerners were against them and it united the southern states. For about 245 years, slaves had been used in America as free labor. Some slaves tried to escape to freedom, and some accomplished...
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